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Grafting fruit plants

Fruit from the garden

Many people decide and choose to have a garden near their home not only to increase the beauty of the property they live in, but also because working in the garden is their favorite pastime; gardening attracts many followers as a hobby because it reconnects us human beings to natural life, puts us in contact with plants and the earth, engages our body and mind itself in activities and reasoning that have nothing to do with haste and the chaos of modern society, but on the contrary they fully respect the patience and calm that is a fundamental gift of everyone who lives nature. Well all this slow and reasoned rhythm, those simple but also expensive jobs, all this is able to relax the mind and detach it from any negative daily turbulence; the pleasure of satisfactions that nature knows how to give us is part of all this, even if it is only that of the home garden: a plant that grows, a flower that blooms, a tasty fruit that lives. Fruit trees are increasingly common in our gardens both because they are beautiful and simple to grow, and because they give small and very tasty satisfactions in the form of fruits, which, however, are not easy to grow.

Cultivation techniques


Returning to the discussion at the end of the previous paragraph, there is a big difference between growing a fruit tree such as an apple or a peach tree and making them bear fruit with good quantity and quality. What happened in nature does not count, because the fruits as we know them today are the “fruit” – and forgive the pun – of years of experimentation and man’s attempts to obtain something close to his tastes. And so it is evident that specific cultivation techniques are fundamental to obtain quality fruit from our tree, and in particular we refer to pruning and grafting. It is clear that these techniques are applicable to almost every type of plant, but limiting the discussion to fruit plants they are fundamental. The first is considered a simple way but to know in depth to create the best conditions around the plant and the plant itself to grow at its best: elimination of old or unproductive branches and leaves, concentration of resources towards more productive areas of the plant are the objectives. . Instead of grafting fruit plants we will speak at length from the next paragraph.

Grafting of fruit plants

The grafting technique is a modern cultivation technique which, however, places its origins in the genius and creativity of our great and great grandparents, who had the intuition to try this technique to improve crops and extend those of quality in a way quite fast and safe. Basically it is a matter of taking a branch, a sprout or other parts from the «good» plant that we want to expand and insert them (or rather, graft them) into a rootstock, or a plant on which the good will take root and which will provide the host with nutrients . In the world of fruit plants, grafting is extremely frequent, because the branch of a very productive cherry tree (to give a practical example) is grafted into another that does not show much activity, so that that plant can also become productive. (attention, only on that new branch). This is the purpose of grafting fruit plants, to multiply quality crops by exploiting trees that have already grown. Let’s say that the graft can also be exploited for therapeutic purposes, as sometimes a branch can be saved before the plant dies and then grafting it into another tree is as if its fruits will continue to be born.

Grafting fruit plants: techniques, special cases

Grafting is not always practiced in the same way, but rather the technique varies from plant to plant with cases of coincidence in the technique that best guarantees for various plants. There are a large number of grafting techniques, all of which can be used for fruit plants: there is bud grafting, triangle grafting, band grafting, shear grafting and many others that may have different names depending on the area. of the country but which identify the same case. By the way, there are plants that can be classified as special cases with regard to grafting: for example, for cherry and apricot, grafting is recommended, but on the one hand the plant has a particular «character» that does not makes human intervention on it very appreciated, so after grafting it is best to let it grow freely for some time before proceeding with small and not incisive pruning after at least a year. Grafting has a fundamental phase after the phase of union of the stumps, because it is the moment of engraftment: to facilitate this, there are mastics on sale that help the plant to heal the wound around the graft and to better accept the host branch. Not only that, in the various cuts necessary in each grafting technique it is always good to use a sharp, precise and above all clean and sanitized knife, to avoid transmitting diseases to the plant. to facilitate this there are mastics on sale that help the plant to heal the wound around the graft and to better accept the host branch. Not only that, in the various cuts necessary in each grafting technique it is always good to use a sharp, precise and above all clean and sanitized knife, to avoid transmitting diseases to the plant. to facilitate this there are mastics on sale that help the plant to heal the wound around the graft and to better accept the host branch. Not only that, in the various cuts necessary in each grafting technique it is always good to use a sharp, precise and above all clean and sanitized knife, to avoid transmitting diseases to the plant.

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