Grafting plants

The characteristics of a graft

The grafts, both on fruit plants and on succulent or succulent plants, take different names but follow the same basic rule: add a different vegetative part to the mother plant. Normally the grafts are performed by inserting in the lower part of the “rootstock” plant, a branch or a bud of another type of plant. Grafts must be carried out only between plants belonging to the same family or macro family, however with plants that have similarities. A classic example is the grafting of the pear tree on the apple tree. The result is a more disease resistant plant and tastier, juicier fruits. Grafting plants that are genetically distant from each other can lead to the death of the “holder” plant, therefore they are strongly discouraged. A strong “disaffinity” alters the tissues of the plant parenchyma,

Grafting a fruit plant

Let’s see specifically a graft on a fruit plant. The most used technique for this type of plants is called: eye or bud. It consists in identifying a robust “rootstock”, for example an apple tree. Once the suitable branch has been chosen, which must be about 4 or 5 centimeters in diameter, we will make a T-shaped cut in the bark, raising it slightly with the grafting knife. From a healthy pear plant, we will instead take the eye or bud, which we will insert into the previously prepared rootstock. Using raffia or ribbons affixed, we will close the T cut well, so that the bud is in close contact with the woody part of the mother plant. When it has taken root, the graft must be freed from the tape. By doing this we will have a new branch, which as it grows will give tasty fruit. These grafts must be done on all the branches of the rootstock, so it will be good to use a young and little branched mother plant. The branches that will arise later, from the graft up, will be of the quality of the inserted gem.

Grafting on succulents

For “succulents” or succulents, more or less the same rules apply as for fruit plants. On this type of plants, in general, the so-called “split” grafting system is used. It consists in cutting the “rootstock” horizontally and making a vertical cut about 3 centimeters deep. At this point, the actual graft will be inserted into the “gap”. Instead of using ribbons, raffia or mastics, as for fruit plants, on succulents the grafted part will be stopped with the help of rubber bands. They will then be removed once the “wounded” part has healed properly, reconstructing a film to protect the pulp. To carry out a graft on a succulent plant, it is necessary to use a very sharp knife, so that the cut is perfect. The part that is inserted into the “split” is called “scion”.

Grafting plants: The period of grafting

The right times to graft, of course, vary from species to species. It can be grafted both in spring and autumn, but also in summer or winter. The type of graft also determines the period. The first one we have taken into consideration, the “bud” one, will be carried out in spring, so that the grafted part, precisely the gem, can take root with greater speed. In spring the plant is able to develop the greatest growth effort, also favored by the optimal climatic conditions, neither too hot nor too cold; above all, however, in spring the plant secretes a greater quantity of sap which is “pushed” towards the upper part of the plant, while in winter, the root system develops more. The “split” graft, on the other hand,

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