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Grapes

How and when to irrigate the vineyards

To take care of the vine, despite being a plant that does not fear drought, the irrigation operation is one of the most important and significant for the success of the final product. As a first step, you need to check the length of the roots and how deep they branch out. Although the vine does not suffer from drought, you may notice that it needs irrigation from underdeveloped berries, in this situation an irrigation intervention is urgent. The irrigation phase of the vineyards is suspended during the winter, thus preventing fatal frosts. If the season is good even in autumn, you can continue to water the plant, being careful not to overdo it. Before the first frost it is recommended to irrigate deeply for the last time.

How to cultivate and care for the vineyard


To cultivate a vineyard you have to follow several steps. Initially, the soil must be moved up to about half a meter deep to allow aeration. Then proceed with the organic fertilization, or manure or humus. It is essential not to plant the young vine once you have finished moving and fertilizing the earth, you have to wait a few months until spring arrives. Once the ideal season is reached, repeat the digging of the soil making it fine and crumbly again. Finally the time has come to proceed with drilling the ground for about 30 centimeters, where to install the young vine plant inside. It is very important to install poles or bamboo next to the young plant, supporting it throughout its development period.

How and when to fertilize the vine


The vineyard fertilization phase begins even before the plant is installed in the ground. That is, once the soil has been moved in the area where the vineyard will rise, fertilize with manure or humus. All these types of fertilizers can be purchased from agricultural consortia. If it is planned to proceed with the installation of the vineyard in early spring, fertilization must be carried out in the autumn of the previous year, so the manure is able to fully carry out its function of nourishing the soil. Obviously it also depends on what type of plant you want to install, whether a small vineyard for family use, or whether to start the cultivation of a real vineyard. Each type of plant requires different fertilizations and interventions, since one of the two is used for the massive production of grapes.

Grapes: Possible diseases that attack the vineyards


One of the most serious diseases that can affect the vine is peronospera, a fungus that sneaks into the plant by stealing its nourishment. Fortunately, it is easily recognizable because a yellow spot appears on the leaf or white mold forms. If your vineyard is attacked by peronospera, the grapes would be deformed and «deflated». To combat this fungus, a liquid formula containing copper is used, because it is the only active ingredient capable of defeating downy mildew. Another disease is botrytis, which is a fungus that penetrates through the wounds on the plant, causing the affected clusters to fall. After having eradicated the affected areas of the plant, it is also necessary to act with chemical agents to eradicate the fungus definitively.

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