Hedge plants

How to water and wet hedges

The plants that make up a hedge are chosen to meet different needs. You can create a hedge to defend yourself from prying eyes, and in this case you can use hedge plants that reach over 10 meters in height. If the purpose is to delimit an avenue or a particular area, low and perhaps flowery and fragrant hedges will suffice. Finally, if you want to defend yourself from the wind, from strangers or from the pollution of a road, it is better to opt for dense hedges, consisting of thorny plants, or plants that are able to absorb, at least in part, the pollution from fine dust . Of course, depending on the kind of plants that make up the hedge, the times and methods of irrigation vary. The general rule, which allows you to have an idea on how to regulate yourself, is to water, always in the morning or after sunset, when the soil is dry on the surface. The frequency of watering will be greater in summer and almost zero in winter. To simplify the work, you can use the appropriate irrigation systems formed by perforated or porous rubber tubes, which can also be buried and hidden from view.

How to grow and care for hedges

Hedge plants are many and different due to their characteristics. The rules that apply to all are to take care of them so that they can carry out their task of protecting or dividing spaces in a functional way. For fast-growing hedges, such as cherry laurel, pruning is important to maintain the shape and posture you want to give the hedge. The Leyland cypress creates a real green wall, but it must not be raised more than 4 meters, because its root system would not allow it to withstand very strong winds. When the hedge needs to cover walls or fences, we turn to climbing hedge plants. Among the most classic examples are jasmine, in the different varieties, which in addition to the protective function are also pleasantly scented. Two annual prunings, one at the beginning of

How and when to fertilize hedges

Hedges, since they must offer advantages in addition to beauty, must be kept well. A bare and sparse hedge will not serve to protect from prying eyes, nor from the wind, nor to defend the garden from strangers. For this it must be healthy and luxuriant, and for it to be so it is necessary to feed it correctly. The fertilizer helps the growth and compactness of hedge plants. It can be both organic and chemical. The chemical fertilizer must be administered at the base of the hedges when the plants start to grow again, therefore in the month of April. Organic fertilizer, which releases its nutrients more slowly, can be given as early as March. For fast growing hedges, an NPK chemical fertilizer is suitable, which contains phosphorus and potassium and, to a lesser extent, nitrogen. Characteristic hedges for green leaves are fertilized with nitrogen fertilizers, such as urea. However, it should be administered with caution because excessive use could burn the hedge. The safest solution recommends administering nitrogen in the form of nitrate.

Hedge plants: Exposure and possible diseases

The exposure of the place where the hedge is to grow affects the plants that will be chosen to create it. There are hedge plants for locations in full sun and for those in partial shade or north facing. For example, pittospore or jasmine are used for hedges in sunny locations, while forsythia withstands cold winds and frost; ivy and boxwood are satisfied with places in partial shade. The adversities that can affect the hedges are mainly fungal diseases and insect attacks. It is important to notice any problems quickly so that they can be eliminated without compromising the hedge. Insects spoil leaves and shoots, gnawing on them or settling on them. They fight with special insecticides or, especially if caught at an early stage, with natural remedies such as vaporizations of substances unwelcome to parasites, such as garlic or Marseille soap. Fungal diseases are more serious and are recognized because white or grayish molds appear on the leaves in the case of powdery mildew, or brown spots and desiccation, if it is of rameal cancer. To avoid them, water in moderation, give a little nitrogen fertilizer and eliminate the dry parts.

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