Hibiscus bonsai

Hibiscus bonsai

Hibiscus is a genus of plant belonging to the Malvaceae family that shows diversified characteristics, there are both annual and perennial tree, shrub or herbaceous species. The hibiscus bonsai is a deciduous plant that originates in tropical areas and in the temperate range. The flowers of hibiscus bloom in the axil of the leaves or on the terminal part of the branches and show a funnel shape. The flowers could be single, double or multiple. There are many varieties of hibiscus that show a diversified and variable coloration of the flowers between white, yellow, pink and red. Hibiscus is a very versatile plant that could be grown both indoors and outdoors depending on the climatic conditions, since it suffers particularly from the cold.

Characteristics of the hibiscus bonsai

To develop properly, the hibiscus bonsai should be grown in an area where the temperature does not drop below 13 degrees. If the plant is placed outdoors in spring and summer, it should be remembered that it should be gradually accustomed to the external environmental conditions. To proceed with caution, the plant should be placed in a shaded area for a few days, then switched to sun exposure only in the morning before being able to expose it to the sun for the whole day. In the first few days of sun exposure some leaves may turn yellow and die, but this is normal and you shouldn’t fear for the plant. The internal temperature, in case of cultivation in the apartment, should not exceed 25 degrees.

Cultivation of the bonsai hibiscus

The hibiscus bonsai is a particularly resistant plant, in fact, protection from the cold and drought should only be taken into account. In fact, even if the hibiscus bonsai is a deciduous plant it should be watered regularly throughout the year, even during the period of vegetative rest. During the vegetative period, as for many plants, irrigations should be more frequent, thus ensuring adequate humidification and hydration of the plant that protects it from the heat of the sun. The drainage should be optimal in order to avoid dangerous stagnation of water and adequately ventilated to allow oxygenation of the roots. Watering should also be adjusted according to the size of the pot in which the plant is placed.

Hibiscus bonsai: Care of the hibiscus bonsai

The hibiscus bonsai should be fertilized in spring and autumn, an operation never to be carried out in the summer, in too hot periods and after repotting. The growing season should be one in which fertilization should be intensified to ensure the correct supply of nutrients to the plant. Fertilization should be done by dissolving liquid fertilizer in irrigation water once a month, or slow-release granular fertilizer could be used. The training pruning is used to regulate the shape of the plant and should be carried out in the spring. During the vegetative period only topping and defoliation should be carried out to eliminate dry or damaged parts, leaving at least 2 or 3 leaves on each branch.

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