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Hosta

How and when to water it

Hostas are usually used by florists to create extraordinary bouquets of flowers, but to grow them at their best they need to be watered regularly in the summer months. A rich and drained and above all fresh soil is usually used. The hosta is born in April and produces beautiful variegated leaves as well as flowers that appear from July until October. The roots then form large networks that allow good and rapid growth as well as the formation of large bushes. It is advisable not to wet the leaves which for some varieties would become less bright and also the water could attract snails. This plant is not demanding and adapts without particular problems to various discomforts that it overcomes very well. Eventually, hostas can be found in gardens, on balconies or as flower beds and last a long time.

Cultivation and care


The cultivation of the hosta can take place with division or sowing. The division can be done at any time, although it is best to do it in the spring. In the sod divide the parts with the help of a garden fork. There must remain some beautiful shoots with their roots to be planted well spaced from each other. Pot hostas, on the other hand, are transplanted in spring or autumn. In fact, for the cultivation in pot it is good to use a mixture of earth, soil and sand to allow an easy flow of water. At the bottom, create a layer of clay and prepare the soil well by adding organic fertilizer. Unlike soil hostas, growing this type of plant in pot means watering more, fertilizing less, and changing the soil after two years.

How to fertilize


The ideal soil for the host is usually organic, with pH, ​​a little alkaline and moist, as well as being preferably drained and fresh. Mulching is also important for the plant, to be renewed over the years. Towards the end of winter, then distribute the fertilizer on the ground which will slowly melt, thus ensuring a constant supply of mineral salts to the earth. The soils to be preferred are clayey ones which retain moisture without forming any stagnation. However, it is better to keep the soil well ventilated even if to obtain this result a mulch with manure must be spread in November to be incorporated and gently absorbed when the warm season begins.

Hosta: Exposure and possible diseases


Hosta loves shade, but there are certain varieties that do well in the sun as well. Usually the plant with rather dark leaves prefers shady places, while the one with lighter leaves prefers sunny areas. The hosta is really perfect as it does not fear the cold and also survives the drops in temperature. Not even particular diseases or parasites bother it, except the snails or snails that eat its leaves and shoots in spring. To eliminate them, poisoned baits or traps to be placed near the plant or to be buried are enough. Among the diseases of the host there are also viroses which fortunately are unknown in Italy. But in the woods and in rural areas the leaves of this elegant and decorative plant can attract roe deer, rabbits and mice that are greedy for it.

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