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How to prune plants

How to prune plants

If you are not a true professional in the gardening sector, you have to deal with all types of plant pruning carefully and seriously and understand how to prune plants when they grow in your garden. In fact, plant pruning is really a serious matter. There are real basic rules to perform a good pruning that is also useful for those who have a rather small garden with some fruit trees or ornamental plants. But why should the plants be pruned? In fact, plants could very well grow on their own, as happens for those that grow in nature, but pruning correctly is a great advantage for the plant which is thus helped to grow much stronger, more productive and luxuriant.

When to prune plants


It is also good to know when is the right time to prune: before taking scissors and nippers to prune any plant we must make sure that it is the right time. Generally, the period in which a plant must be pruned coincides with the phase in which it is in vegetative rest: this period starts in autumn, after all the leaves have fallen, and ends in spring when new blossoms occur. sprouts. There is also a type of pruning that is done in spring and summer: this allows you to eliminate unnecessary vegetation on plants that are very luxuriant. In practice it is a type of lightening of the plant, very useful especially for fruit plants such as peach and vine. Having established what is the right season for pruning, it is now necessary to choose the right days. What they are is actually the moon, which has an important influence on the pruning of plants as well as for grafts and sowing. It should be known that pruning should always be performed in situations of waning moon: in this way, better results are obtained for fruiting.

How to prune fruit plants


To know how to prune plantsfruit correctly, some basic rules must be observed. A rule is that intense pruning should be done on those trees that are old and minimal pruning should be done on those trees that are young and are in the fruiting period. The older the plant is, the less strong and vigorous it is and must be pruned more intensely to give it new life. On the other hand, with single branches the opposite rule applies: in order to balance the growth of the plant and its fruiting, the rather vigorous branches must therefore be strongly shortened, while the weaker branches must be pruned a little. Considering these two rules it is necessary to know that the branches that are more vigorous are those that are usually vertical, that is, those in which the sap flows much faster. Instead the weaker branches are the more horizontal and rather curved ones. Generally, plants and branches that are very vigorous produce a lot of wood but few fruits, while plants and weaker branches produce little wood and bear abundant fruit: in fact, in orchards cultivated for production, the branches of the trees are curved.

In what places to prune the fruit plant


It is also good to know where in the branches to prune a fruit plant. The basic rule is to look at the gems and leave at least one. Some things must be kept in mind: the terminal or apical bud is always the most vigorous and manages to develop much more quickly than the buds that are lateral and underlying. This principle is called ‘apical dominance’. The topping causes the formation of the buds to be anticipated in those buds that are underlying. When a branch has to be shortened, the development of those single lateral and underlying buds must be proportionate to the number of buds left: if it is a matter of a few buds there is a lot of vigor, instead many buds give little vigor. The pruning cut must be made 6 or 7 mm above the bud and must have a certain angle, that is 45 ° downwards in the opposite direction with respect to the gem, in order to prevent raindrops from falling on the gem. However, you must always know very well the characteristics of the plant on which you have to intervene: some plants in fact bear fruit on recent branches, while others on branches that are one year old or at different ages.

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