I fiori primaverili

Spring flowers

Everyone awakens in spring: insects, plants, animals, but above all the flowers, which color the days with their infinite shapes and colors, making the landscape look like a painted picture. There are so many spring flowers; who does not know the cherry tree? Or apricot? With their white and pink flowers they invade the landscapes in an almost overbearing way. Walking through the fields it is possible to notice the common daisies, or the daffodils that invade the air with their scent. Irises, tulips, geraniums and freesias are among the most commonly grown, along with begonias and graceful violets. However, we must not go too far from our homes, since many flowers can give us their blooms even at home, on the terrace or on the windowsills. Sometimes, thinking about spring, we immediately reconnect with the viola, a genus of flowering plants which, with its various species and cultivars, can embellish a terrace or garden even in a substantial way; planting several varieties of viola will result in a rich planter that will last until early summer.

The primrose

If violets remind us of spring, we can’t forget about primroses. Their name derives from the Latin term “primis”, which means, precisely, “first”, indicating their early appearance already at the end of February (in the more temperate areas) or March. The genus includes over five hundred species of plants, with flowers of the most disparate colors; from creamy white to intense red, passing through light blue and blue, sometimes with double or triple shades juxtaposed together. There are several species that can be easily cultivated in pots, especially those of tropical origin that do not tolerate winter temperatures. In fact, they should be kept indoors or in a special greenhouse, but the more rustic species live well outside. It is even possible to collect them in the woods with all the roots and plant them in a pot or in the garden,


With more than two hundred species belonging to this genus, irises include flowering plants of remarkable beauty, known throughout the world with the most disparate common names (in Italy it is known as “iris”). The Greek term iris means “rainbow”, and it is no coincidence that the flowers in this genus have bright colors ranging from deep purple to purple, including various shades of blue, blue, red and yellow. Many artificially selected hybrids have double colored inflorescences (white / yellow, white / blue, red / yellow), further enriching the wide range of hues of these flowers. Iris grows well in the garden and is one of the most common spring flowers, but many varieties called “dwarfs” lend themselves perfectly to growing in pots. together with other species with which it coexists peacefully. The most common ornamental iris is Iris germanica, with large flowers of an intense purple color, often tending to blue.


the genus Freesia includes a few species (about six) all similar to each other and native to South Africa. The very fragrant spring flowers of this genus grow spontaneously in a large part of the territory and there are numerous cultivated hybrids that modify their colors; freesias, in fact, are white or yellow, but some varieties are purple, blue, orange or with flecks of various colors. Being a bulb flower it is easy to grow it both in the garden and in pots and it does not require special care, other than that of direct exposure to the sun and efficient coverage in winter by means of tarpaulins or greenhouses. The flowers are bell-shaped, grouped in long panicle inflorescences that tend to fold down towards the apex. Flowering is one of the earliest and can last until late summer.

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