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I graft fig

Fruits from the garden

The garden plays a fundamental role in the relaxation process of the human mind, simply because it offers man a personal place rich in oxygen and totally immersed in a nature that, although small, can boast of being a real refuge from everyday life. of stress and asphalt. But that’s not all, because many people who own a garden also want to see fruit from it, that is, they want their roses to bloom and their lemon to produce lemons. And we must be sincere and frank with you readers who choose us to inform you and take an interest in gardening, getting fruits from the trees in the garden is not a joke, that is, it is not enough to throw the seed there and wait for the plant to grow. The fruit tree needs care, attention and above all mastery, because a fruit tree that comes from its own seed is a «wild» tree, as it is popularly called. From a scientific point of view we are not interested in knowing what happens, the important thing is that now we know that to get fruits from the home garden we will need to graft the plants we have; now it all lies in discovering which is the right technique, based on our experience and the type of plant.

Fig grafting


A very common fruit plant in our area is the fig; not to be confused with the succulent fruit plant «prickly pear», the fig is a Mediterranean plant, which naturally gives life to a tree with classic leaves, flowers and tasty fruits. The fruit of the fig, which we understand is also called fig, has a sweet but very strong taste, especially when it reaches maturity it takes on all its fragrances and is really a popular and also cheap fruit. Moreover, the fig plant has no difficulty whatsoever in taking root or growing, until it becomes a tree; clearly what happens then is that the production of figs is stopped due to the fact that the tree is wild (with the meaning of the term explained above). At this point the fig must be grafted, that is, a branch must be taken from a productive tree and grafted with the appropriate technique in our tree. If everything goes the right way that branch will take root and many tasty figs will come out from there, to the delight of the owner; this operation can be duplicated, provided you try again the following year, both in the case of success and defeat.

Specific techniques

On the subject of grafting there are very few people who really know everything, about the techniques and the moments in which it is best to carry them out; this generalized culture, however, is of no use to us, because it will be enough for us to inform ourselves about the specific tree. From this point of view, there is nothing better than consulting our website, where in the grafting section you can find many specific sheets on the most common plants, both flower and fruit. Today we are talking about the fig tree and we see that there are two techniques used and most effective for it: crown grafting and wedge grafting. Of the two, the most direct is the first: the rootstock tree (host) is cut cleanly, an incision is made as if to open it and two or four fruit-bearing branches shaped with pen ends are inserted into it; the choice of the number of grafts to be done is based on the size of the rootstock. Once the slips are inserted, they must be closed with tape that closes the edge and filled with special mastic for grafts, a product that can be easily purchased on specialized websites on the internet but also by well-stocked nurserymen and florists.

Fig grafting: Details and curiosities

The technique described in the previous paragraph is the most used for the fig tree, resulting also simple for the novices of the sector and with a high percentage of success. The second technique is less used because it is more complex and specialized; in fact a wedge graft is used, to be inserted into an «enlarged» hole of about eight or ten centimeters to be made in the rootstock tree. It is a particularly difficult process for the rootstock, since a hole must be made and to do this you need the right tools and also a certain safety because you must try not to damage the heart of the plant. The main indications that are given to a person who wants to try to make a graft is to pay great attention to their own safety during the cutting operation, while it is equally essential to use well-cleaned and sanitized tools to avoid transmitting diseases to the plant. In fact, the cuts, abrasions and incisions on the surface of the plant are real highways for bacteria, viruses, insects, larvae and small animals that wait no more to attack the plant and, in case of serious infestations, lead it to death. by decay after having taken all the nutrients. For this reason, water and alcohol, cotton wool and deep cleaning before starting work and before moving on to another plant (to avoid contagion). the abrasions and the incisions on the surface of the plant are real highways for bacteria, viruses, insects, larvae and small animals that do not wait for anything else to attack the plant and, in case of serious infestations, lead it to death by decay after having took all the nutrients. For this reason, water and alcohol, cotton wool and deep cleaning before starting work and before moving on to another plant (to avoid contagion). the abrasions and the incisions on the surface of the plant are real highways for bacteria, viruses, insects, larvae and small animals that do not wait for anything else to attack the plant and, in case of serious infestations, lead it to death by decay after having took all the nutrients. For this reason, water and alcohol, cotton wool and deep cleaning before starting work and before moving on to another plant (to avoid contagion).

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