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Garden and its inhabitants

A home garden is not only the place where the human being can give free rein to his desire to be among nature or to enjoy one of his hobbies; no, it is a real ecosystem, a place where there is life and there is a lot of it, as well as very different forms. We must realize that we are not the only inhabitants worthy of attention neither of the world nor of our garden: insects, small animals, plants, bacteria, fungi, it seems strange but all these genera and their species inhabit our garden, and perhaps they are even more. This must begin to make us think as if we were not alone, because only in this way can we try to save our planet, because it is not ours because we own it, but it is simply because we live it together with others. Well, limited to the garden we can say that not all these «inhabitants» are hostile, indeed most of them offer us services and guarantee us what we want; in reality even unwelcome guests are part of the natural ecosystem and the natural course of life, but we human beings only see that they harm us and therefore we try to fight them with our expedients, which free us from the problem (sometimes) but we they create others because we more often disturb the balance of nature.

Hymenoptera


One of the most numerous categories of inhabitants of our gardens is that of the hymenoptera: they are an order of insects whose name, said in a scientific way, perhaps does not suggest anything to us and nothing comes to mind, but in reality we know many species. and above all almost every day we come into contact with them. It is an order comprising a very high number of small and medium-sized species, with membranous wings and at times reduced or even completely missing; they have both compound eyes and ocelli depending on the species, while they have a tracheal apparatus (suitable for breathing) which dilates into air sacs. Their cerebral apparatus, made up of ganglia, is very developed and this is also linked to their very active and complex social life, since many species of this order form numerous and indeed complex societies. But what are some well-known species belonging to this order? Simple, let’s talk about bees, ants, wasps, bumblebees, hornets and many many others. They are usually divided into two groups of species, the Symphites and the Apocrites.

Interaction with the garden

After the accurate description of the main characteristics of this order of insects, but above all after having known which are the very common and very familiar species that compose it, it is much easier for us to think and imagine the interaction of the Hymenoptera with the garden of our house. More commonly we see some bees wandering in the early morning from plant to plant, from flower to flower to take some pollen and take it to their «nest» to use it as a building material, as food for the larvae and also to transform it. in the highly sought after honey. They often have the «fault» of coming to nest too close to our places, so often, also for a matter of safety especially for children, we have to remove them or have them removed by an expert, always keeping the attention because they, if annoyed, and we repeat only if annoyed, attack the man by stinging him with the sting placed at the end of their body; this sting can cause burning and itching, but also anaphylactic shock to allergic people. Ants, on the other hand, are much more harmless: seeing them marching in line like toy soldiers, perhaps with their load of food on their backs, is sometimes enchanting, but they are “annoying” when they would like to have “our” food as their food.

The larvae

Apparently from the previous paragraph, more than a clash, there is a real interaction between man and some representatives of the order of the Hymenoptera; at times you can get to stepping on your feet (or paws, depending on your point of view) but they are fortuitous cases and in any case it is nothing serious. However, what happens so often is that other species of Hymenoptera come to disturb our crop directly or in any case our plants, therefore us directly; the fault, even if it is the course of Nature, lies with the larvae: as happens for most insects, it is not the adult specimens that disturb man and his plants but the larvae do; their most important feature from this point of view is the extreme voracity they have when they are at this stage of their life: they have to grow enormously in size and function in a very short time, so they need energy and therefore food. Unfortunately, their favorite food is often plants and their leaves; the Hymenoptera are phytophagous, that is, they eat leaves and in particular their larvae often dig tunnels in the largest leaves, finding residence there and also food to grow. Often they can be eliminated with light products, also for sale by the most well-stocked florists.

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