Insect beetle

Life cycle

The insect beetle is a beetle belonging to the beetle family. It is a very widespread insect throughout Europe. The larvae are 4 cm in size, with a white color on the body and orange on the legs. The insect beetle lives a multi-year life cycle. Adults live from 5 to 7 weeks and are seen flying in the spring, more precisely in May. In fact, the name Beetle derives from this characteristic. The larval state of the beetle lasts 3, 4 solar years, therefore, 2/3 actual years. The insect beetle, like many beetles, feeds on plants and roots, according to its life cycle. Until the 1980s there were many specimens with a high population rate. Today they are much less numerous. The remedies to eliminate and remove the insect Beetle are many: chemical and natural. To date, compounds based on entomoparasitic nematodes and entomopathogenic fungi are used. As for chemical products, their use takes place with the so-called integrated pest management. A valid alternative to geodisinfestants are in fact the Heterorhabditis, Nematodes that search for Beetle larvae and poison it.


The Beetle insect is one of the beetles with one of the longest-lived states of life. In May, the “flickering” occurs, a very important cycle for the insect Beetle. Fifteen days after this phase, the mating and egg laying period begins. Melolontha melolontha lays its eggs in the ground, at a depth of about 20/30 cm. It lays 60 to 80 eggs. After four, six weeks, they hatch and the larvae begin their life cycle: they immediately begin to feed on roots, starting with the smallest and softest ones. The larva must pay close attention to a large predator – the mole. They are in fact bitter enemies. As winter approaches, the larva goes deeper and overwinters. With the onset of spring, the Beetle larva, it resumes its cycle and for the whole second year, it will have to survive by feeding on roots. When the spring of the third year arrives, the larvae are faced with two possibilities: the first is to continue its process, as for the second year, then flicker in the spring of the fourth year. Alternatively, it can instead pupate and flicker in May of the current year.


The insect Beetle has been present on the planet for several centuries. It is very easy to notice it in the month of May, at dusk. It can be recognized because it flies awkwardly and often it is that beetle that fits and gets stuck in the hair. It is very large in build and despite being an invertebrate, it is also very hardy. One of the curiosities that few people know or remember is that the Bug Beetle was included in our diet for a while. In the regions most infested by this beetle, in fact, a real battle began to eliminate it, the food did not have the vast choice of today and therefore it was decided to include it among the foods with which to feed the family. Actually if we think about it, the Beetle did some damage to crops or plants. The peasants who lived and fed on the harvest were in trouble. Given the mass of exterminated Beetles, they decided to feed the families with these little creatures. They were cooked both in adult form and in a larval state.

Bug Beetle: Use in the kitchen

The insect beetle has therefore become a food component in the human diet. The first time the Bug Beetle was served in the kitchen was at a banquet. The Beetle was dipped in vinegar, which purged the beetle of the earth and the foods it had eaten. Drained, it was fried in batter (flour, milk, eggs). Having reached a slightly golden color and a crunchy aspect, it was served. Many people were present at this banquet, some even took two portions. Until 1900 in many French restaurants, you could still eat “soupe de hanneton”, or Beetle soup. A dish that included the stomach of the Beetle as a basic dish (some support the chest). Paws, wings were removed and fried until crispy. The chicken broth was then added, accompanied by sliced ​​calf’s liver. Serving all with croutons and onions. Today we have stopped eating Beetles but in reality it is not clear why.

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