Ivy geranium

Ivy geranium

Geranium is the typical plant of all Mediterranean gardens and terraces, partly because it is quite simple to grow, partly because it is almost always in bloom, at least from May to almost all of October. It seems almost impossible but geranium is a plant native to South Africa; it was, in fact, the Dutch merchants who traded with the East Indies to bring it to Europe. The name pelargonium comes from the Greek “pelargos”, that is “crane’s beak” due to the particular shape that the fruit takes. The ivy geranium is a variety of pelargonium, it is the one that has shiny green leaves and a little curled like that ivy, from this similarity derives the name ivy geranium. This species of geranium has stems that can extend up to 2 meters. The ivy geraniumsthey can be double flowers, very showy, perfect for balconies but very delicate towards rain, or they can be single flowers, more resistant than the former. For colors, there is really plenty of choice, pink, lilac, red and white are the most common but lately you can also find varieties with some streaks.

Geranium can be bought already in bloom, it is much easier than sowing it given the negligible cost of this plant. Just picked up, the ivy geraniumit should be moved to a larger pot, any type of soil is fine, as long as it is fresh and well watered. They are typically outdoor plants. Geraniums require a lot of fertilizer, the earth in the pot must never be too dry, nor too wet to prevent the roots from rotting. Put the pots in the sun, the geranium does not suffer much from the heat, although in periods of maximum heat, such as July, there may be a stasis in flowering, which will resume in mid-August when it is a little less hot. In winter, on the other hand, to make ivy geraniums survive, they must be moved to a greenhouse, when possible, or put them in the shelter of a plastic sheet in a terrace, they survive up to a temperature of 12 °, below this they wither, however the ivy geranium, among all the types of geranium, is the one that best tolerates the cold.

How to keep ivy geranium healthy and lush

It is true that ivy geranium can survive until late October but to do so it needs little but essential care. Maintenance therapy must be started in early June. The seedlings must be repotted in capacious pots, at least 40 cm wide, you can put 2 plants per pot at a distance of at least 20/25 cm. To have very flowering ivy geraniums, the size of the pot is essential, because too capacious containers push the roots to spread out but do not make flowers. Ivy geranium needs sun and light. If the pot is small and in full sun the plant must be watered every day, if instead it has been placed in a large and deep pot and it is not very hot, it can be watered every three days. Every eight days it takes the fertilizer, specific for geraniums, the best is the liquid one. Dried flowers and damaged leaves must be removed every three days. If the ivy geranium blooms little, it means that the plant needs additional nourishment or that it does not have enough sun. If you want to multiply the geranium, put a healthy stem 15-20 cm long in a jar with fertile and sandy soil, multiplication by cuttings takes place in the month of August.

Ivy geranium: How to cure ivy geranium diseases

Lately ivy geraniums have had problems due to the parasite Cacyreus, a very harmful moth, of which you can also see the small brown butterfly. It is easy to notice when this parasite appears because holes appear on the stems of the geranium. In this case it is necessary to run for cover immediately, buying specific insecticides, possibly biological, and giving them to the plant in 8-day cycles, and eliminating the damaged leaves and branches. If there are fungi at the base of the plant it is likely that it has little light, this often happens in winter, even in the greenhouse the plant must be exposed in the brightest area. Sometimes, geranium has rotten roots, or has a very dark base of the stem. In this case there is water stagnation, has too much water in the pot or saucer and the plant has been attacked by fungi, which are fought with fertilizer based on copper and sulfur. If, on the other hand, the plant has yellowed leaves, it needs more water. Does the geranium produce few flowers? It is likely that it is badly exposed and gets too little sun, as well as needing nourishment, perhaps fertilizer with a high nitrogen content.

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