Japanese chrysanthemum

The Japanese chrysanthemum: sowing

The Japanese chrysanthemum should be sown directly in the home around March and April, covering the seeds with a light layer of sifted soil. When the Japanese chrysanthemum seedlings have developed they should be spaced 20-30 centimeters from each other. The species is easy to cultivate and grows very quickly. The Japanese Chrysanthemum grows in any soil, but for best results should choose a loose soil, fertile that allows good drainage. Japanese chrysanthemum plantsthey must be grown in a sunny position sheltered from cold winds. During the vegetative period, the plants should be watered every two or three days, abundantly, to be sure that the roots also receive the right amount of moisture. In this same period, the Japanese chrysanthemum must be fertilized with a product of immediate effect.

Japanese chrysanthemum: diseases

The Japanese chrysanthemum can be affected by numerous viruses, most often caused by poor cultivation. The most frequent are: gray mold, charcoal, flower burn, chrysanthemum powdery mildew, heteroosporiosis, rust and root rot. These diseases can be avoided by periodically administering the special preventive products. But above all, avoiding growing Japanese chrysanthemum plants in too humid soil and in a location subject to cold winds and drafts. Sometimes Japanese chrysanthemumsthey are also affected by animal parasites which feed on the tender tissues. The most common are: nematodes, root mocha, capsids, earwigs, aphids, the larvae of some moths and snails. For these animals, specific products should be used as appropriate.

The Japanese chrysanthemum: the origins

Chrysanthemums were grown in China and Japan at the time of the great dynasties. Every year special celebrations were organized in which the most interesting hybrid varieties were awarded. The first Japanese chrysanthemum plants were introduced in Europe and particularly in Holland and England towards the end of the seventeenth century. Japanese chrysanthemum was originally grown in gardens and in large containers, usually wooden barrels. It was not until the mid-eighteenth century that the cultivation of this and other varieties of chrysanthemum began in Holland. In Italy, chrysanthemums are linked to the feast of the dead, a period in which the annual varieties are in full bloom. In Japan, the chrysanthemum is a national flower. Unlike what is thought in our country, the Japanese chrysanthemum symbolizes life. photo source: www.

The Japanese chrysanthemum: flowers

The Greek name of the Japanese chrysanthemum means golden flower. The flowers are very beautiful and of various colors. The flowers as well as being used to sell them in some countries are used in the medical and herbalist sector. Rich in symbolism and annedoti, the Japanese chrysanthemum is one of the most tattooed flowers in the world even more than the rose itself. The petals of the Japanese chrysanthemum are used to prepare infusions to rejuvenate the skin. Chrysanthemum Day is one of the most popular holidays in Japan and is celebrated every year on the ninth day of the ninth month of the year. So the festival falls on September 9 every year. In the olden days, the cultivation of Japanese chrysanthemum was the favorite pastime of the samurai. The Japanese chrysanthemum has always been related to that country’s imperial family.

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