Jasmine plant

The species called Jasmine climbing plant

There are more than two hundred species known with the name of Jasmine included in the genus called Jasminum and belonging to the Oleaceae family. Shrubby and climbing plants originating from the Asian continent and the territories of the Mediterranean basin, they have been known since ancient times for the intense and characteristic scent of the inflorescences produced in abundance in summer or winter. The flowers are tubular and star-shaped, according to the different species, hybrid varieties and cultivars can be white and yellow. Jasmine, a plant to be grown for ornamental purposes in pots or in the ground, is used to cover vertical surfaces quickly and compactly. It has evergreen or deciduous foliage, composed of small, opposite and pinnate, dark green leaves.

Cultivation techniques of the Jasmine flowering plant

The climbing plant Jasmine can be grown in different environmental contexts thanks to the adaptability that distinguishes these plants. In fact, many varieties can withstand winter temperatures below five degrees. All species prefer soft, well-drained soils composed of garden soil, peat and sand. The exposures are very bright but sheltered from direct sunlight and strong currents. The irrigations are very frequent starting from spring and throughout the summer season, they are reduced in autumn and winter, taking care to keep the substrate always humid. Water stagnation which leads to the deterioration of the plant must be avoided. The fertilizations are periodic throughout the vegetative period and a liquid organic fertilizer is administered.

Propagation by cuttings of the climbing plant Jasmine

Cutting is the most common method of propagation to reproduce the climbing plant Jasmine. The tops must be selected and cut during the month of August or September, the branches are of semi-mature wood and free of inflorescences. The excess leaves are eliminated and the cuttings obtained must be treated with rhizogenic and pesticide powder before being planted, to promote root growth and to prevent the onset of rot. The containers are filled with garden soil mixed with coarse sand, the new specimens should be placed in dark areas and the temperature should not be below twenty degrees. The emission of the leaf buds confirms the rooting and the plants can be exposed in brighter areas.

The different species and varieties of climbing plant Jasmine

Among the most widespread and easily available varieties of climbing plant Jasmine is the species called Jasminum officinale, flowering is very abundant and begins in June and continues throughout the summer season. The flowers are small, white and very fragrant. The cultivar plants of Jasminum officinale Aureum are characterized by their cream-colored variegated foliage. The climbers known as Jasminum Sambac are rustic plants, the numerous flowers begin to bloom in June and continue to open until the autumn season arrives. The species called Jasminum multipartitum with an ornamental appearance, produces intense pink buds while the open flowers are white, fragrant, larger than the other varieties and with a greater number of petals.

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