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Jujube

How much and when to water

Jujube plants are distinguished by their great resistance and adaptability to any type of soil being able to grow and develop even on arid, stony and poor soils. Therefore, these are extremely strong plants capable of tolerating extreme climatic conditions, such as harsh winters, with temperatures of -20 ° C, or hot and particularly dry periods, although they can suffer damage in autumn, when the plant is in phase of vegetation, in the case of early winters with temperatures of -10 ° C. As far as watering is concerned, jujubes are able to withstand even long periods without the supply of water, especially in the case of already adult plants while the younger plants require periodic watering especially in the summer.

How to take care of it


Jujube plants are able to adapt to different types of soils and this thanks to the roots that have the ability to penetrate to great depths. Despite this, jujubes have an optimal yield and a better development both in height and in width especially in the presence of soils free of humidity, neutral, well drained and with a good presence of organic substance. As for the cultivation techniques, the most widespread is the sapling one which allows natural development of the plants, requiring pruning during the vegetative rest phase only in the case in which the foliage tends to thicken too much. Clearly during the planting phase it is always good to keep in mind the final dimensions of the plants, the characteristics of each variety and the training system; in the case of columnar farming, it is advisable to leave a distance of about 2/3 meters between the plants and 3/4 meters between the rows. The cultivation of jujube plants is also possible in pots but only in the case of very young plants and for a defined period of time and this due to the particularly extensive development of the root system.

When and how to fertilize


The great resistance and the extreme adaptability of the jujube plants do not make any particular fertilization interventions necessary which, generally, are carried out only in the autumn period, between October and November, before the cold season begins. For fertilization, natural fertilizer is usually used such as mature animal manure, applying about 20/30 kg per plant, whether it is trees in the vegetation phase or plants in full development. It is advisable to pay more attention to fertilization only if the jujube plants have been planted in particularly poor and arid soils.

Jujube: Exposure and disease


As mentioned, jujube plants adapt well to different climates although they prefer a temperate environment, characterized by long and hot summers and autumns with low probability of frost with temperatures below 0 ° C. The perfect exposure is in full sun, while a more sheltered location is preferable in the case of areas with a more rigid climate and particularly strong winds. Jujube plants are not particularly exposed to the attack of parasites and diseases and therefore do not require specific and timely treatments. Furthermore, the fruits of these plants have a rather late ripening compared to the average of the others, a condition that also allows you to avoid any type of insecticidal treatment. L’ the only recommendation to allow a full and luxuriant development of the jujube plants is to always keep them in the best conditions, carrying out, when necessary, pruning and fertilization interventions. Among the parasites of the jujube we must remember the fruit fly and the oriental peach moth.

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