Kiwi cultivation

Kiwi cultivation: when to water

Kiwi cultivation can be done starting from young specimens purchased in a specialized gardening shop. Kiwifruit loves climates that are also suitable for citrus cultivation, so it is important to take the precaution of avoiding exposing it to too cold temperatures. As for the water supply, the cultivation of kiwifruit involves never leaving the plant completely deprived of water. Very often the kiwi is placed next to the walls, precisely because of its climbing characteristics. In this case it is likely that even natural rainfall will not be able to adequately penetrate the soil at the base of the plant. Therefore, especially in the first years of life it is important to irrigate, especially in the periods of the year characterized by a prolonged drought.

How to take care of kiwi

In the cultivation of kiwi you can start with the purchase of a young plant, asking us to advise on the variety that best suits the place where we are going to plant it. Over the years, the kiwi will need less care, resisting well to the changing of the seasons. The plant of a few years is preferable to shelter it from the cold, especially if we live in an area characterized by a particularly harsh climate. If we have left the kiwi in the pot we can simply move it when winter arrives, otherwise we can cover it with a special fabric, available in gardening stores. The main stem of the plant must develop vertically while the secondary shoots can branch laterally. To increase production, it is advisable to prune the side part during the summer.

Fertilization and soil of kiwi

The land where we are going to plant our kiwi will have been previously prepared and enriched. In spring we can intervene with mature manure or natural compost, simply burying it near the base of the plant, obviously taking care not to damage the root system and avoid digging real holes. The compost is absorbed by the soil even if only a little soil is placed on it. If our young kiwi plant did not bear fruit, it does not necessarily mean that it was not fertilized. The kiwi requires both male and female specimens to allow pollination and subsequent fruit production to take place. A single male is able to carry out the pollination work on 5 females.

Kiwi Cultivation: Exposure and Diseases

Kiwi is a plant that loves the climate where citrus fruits grow. We should not, therefore, be without the light of the sun. Even in the arrangement next to a wall for the plant to climb, it is important to avoid placing it in a shaded area. The temperature range within which the kiwi grows without particular problems goes from 25 ° C in summer to -10 ° C in winter. Above all, the winter temperature must absolutely not drop below that value. In the assessment of the exposure it must also be considered that the soil moisture should be kept at a good constant level, at least 60%. So it might be recommended to consider that the months of July and August, with the most intense heat, can damage the plant. By balancing the good exposure to the sun with the principle that the water must never completely evaporate from the ground, we will certainly find the best location in our vegetable garden or garden. In addition to the attack of insects such as mealybugs, the kiwi is subject to diseases that can even be deadly for the plant, from gray mold to root tumor. The best prevention is adhering to the right cultivation and irrigation practices.

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