Kiwi harvest

Kiwi: a very popular fruit with many properties

The kiwi plant is a climber and for this reason it needs support to grow. The kiwi, in fact, is produced by numerous species of lianas of the genus Actinidia of the family of the Actinidiaceae. The kiwi plant is called Actinidia deliciosa, although there are other plant species capable of producing this fruit. It is a strong and vigorous plant with deciduous leaves and is able to reach 8 – 10 meters in height. There are numerous varieties of the kiwi fruit and the most popular are green and gold. Green kiwifruit is shaped like an egg and its skin is brown and hairy. Inside, however, the pulp is green and there are small black seeds arranged in a radial pattern. The gold type has a more elongated shape, the outside is smooth, while the pulp is yellow. Kiwi is rich in nutritional properties, for example it contains vitamin C, vitamin E, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, copper and iron. Thanks to its countless qualities it is able to help protect the gums, maintain eye health and promote digestion.

How to grow the kiwi plant

The ideal climatic conditions for growing kiwifruit are humidity, little sunshine and cold but not freezing winters. To guarantee these conditions, it is advisable to use nets that protect from sunlight and, thanks to less air circulation, allow the creation of humidity. The soil must be well drained and to make it fertile it is advisable to add fertilizer, such as manure. To increase the drainage of the soil, sand and gaia can be added, while peat is used to improve the ability to retain moisture. Kiwi, being a climbing plant, needs support, such as a pergola or a row. The plants must be planted, a few meters away from each other. To plant kiwifruit it is necessary to dig a hole in the ground and cover the roots so as not to let the plant hang down. The kiwi can also be grown in pots, the important thing is that the latter is made of terracotta and that the right climatic and soil conditions are guaranteed.

In order to be able to harvest kiwi, it is necessary to have at least one male and one female plant that pollinate each other. Furthermore, these plants must be watered frequently in order to guarantee the right humidity, while avoiding the onset of stagnation. It is important to prune at least twice within a year: once towards the end of the winter period and the other in the spring. From the moment of planting, three years pass before obtaining the first kiwis. It is evident that it is possible to harvest kiwis when these take on the typical gray-green color. The kiwi harvest periodit runs from November until the following summer, although it is preferable to finish the harvest before the temperatures drop. To detach the kiwis from the plant, scissors are used, twisting the fruit slightly. In this way the kiwi comes off easily without damaging the plant.

Kiwi Harvest: How to Store and Protect Kiwis

Once the kiwis have been detached from the plant, they can be stored for no more than a week in an airy and dry environment. If kept in the fridge, however, they can be kept for up to fifteen days. The kiwi plant is very resistant to attacks by parasites, both animal and vegetable, and insects. Among the enemies of this plant there are aphids and scale insects, which can be eliminated thanks to the help of specific products that can be purchased in specialized shops. Fungi can also attack kiwifruit and for this reason it is recommended to disinfect pruning shears before using them. Other damage can be caused by strong winds, or by sudden changes in temperature. The greatest damage, however, is represented by the rotting of the roots,

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