Kiwi plant

How to water the kiwi plant

The kiwi plant’s need for water is very high, especially in the first phase of growth and for recently planted shrubs. It has roots on the surface with a low total volume, comparing them to the size of the crown and the mass of leaves present. It is essential to water them immediately after planting them and regularly, especially if there is not abundant rainfall, you must also water daily. Even during periods of drought it is necessary to water very frequently, making sure that the soil is always hydrated. For this reason, very large crops use underground irrigation systems which are accompanied by water vaporizers to cool the leaves and fruits during the hottest periods.

How to grow kiwi

The kiwi plant suffers from frost and loves a temperate climate like citrus fruits, so if you plant in an area where the temperature drops a lot in winter, remember to cover it. It is in fact advisable to plant it in spring, properly preparing the hole where to lay it. Being a climber, a very suitable place for planting is near a wall, because its branches need strong support. In any case, the plant needs both vertical and horizontal trellises or iron wires to develop. The main stem should develop vertically, while the lateral shoots should be developed horizontally. If there is no risk of frost, you can leave the fruits attached to the plant throughout the winter, harvesting them between December and February.

How to fertilize kiwis

During the spring period it is advisable to superficially put mature manure around the plant. The kiwi plant needs many nutrients of various types to provide constant fruit production. Nitrogen is the determining element for an excellent fruiting. It must be provided abundantly, especially during and immediately after the fruit harvest. In this way the kiwi plant will be able to recreate the substances necessary for growth and future fruiting the following year. Phosphorus and above all potassium are also very important. These minerals have a decisive influence on the size and sweetness and taste of kiwis. Administering chelated iron products helps if chlorosis occurs.

Kiwi Plant: Exposure and Possible Diseases

The best exposure for the kiwi plant is to the sun. At certain times of the year, however, such as during the summer season, the temperature can get too high and damage the plant. For this reason, slightly shading fabrics are often placed above the plants. Unfortunately, kiwifruit has been affected by bacteriosis in recent years. This disease is harmful and presents itself with drops that become reddish in color, which cause decidedly visible rot. The only method to counteract the disease is to cut the infected branches or even completely eliminate the plant, burning everything to avoid propagation. After pruning, spread additive copper substances. Do not use bees that could infect other crops.

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