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Ligustrum bonsai

Ligustrum

The ligustrum is a genus of evergreen shrubby plants that belongs to the Oleaceae family. The plant has variable dimensions between a few centimeters up to 5 meters in height. The bark has a very smooth greenish color. The flowers have a white color and are gathered in panicle-shaped inflorescences, even if they rarely bloom. The fruits are berries that have a black color, with a shiny surface, but they turn out to be very poisonous. There are several species of ligustrum that are grown mainly as ornamental plants or are used to create hedges. The ligustrum is a plant that adapts easily, which is why it is used for making bonsai. The plant adapts easily to growing on rock.

Ligustrum bonsai


The ligustrum bonsai prefers locations with adequate lighting, but should be away from heat sources and drafts that could create problems. The plant cannot stand the cold, in fact during the winter it should be placed inside with a temperature that is between 15 and 25 degrees centigrade. During the hottest season the plant could also be placed outdoors, but it should be placed in a shaded area. The ligustrum should not be watered too much to avoid dangerous stagnation of water, in fact the soil should only be wet when the soil is completely dry. Excessive watering could cause root rot. The period of greatest irrigation should be the vegetative one.

Cultivation of ligustrum bonsai


The fertilization of the ligustrum bonsai should be done during the vegetative period, excluding the hottest period. The frequency of interventions should include the need to integrate nutrients as the root system is developed. The best fertilization should be done by mixing liquid fertilizer with irrigation water. Bonsai periodically require repotting, this procedure should be carried out in the period of vegetative growth, at the end of spring or at the beginning of summer. The pot should ensure adequate ventilation, so that the roots can develop properly. The soil should consist of universal loam, peat and sand. The bottom of the pot should contain gravel to ensure drainage.

Ligustrum bonsai: Pruning and diseases of the ligustrum


The pruning of the ligustrum bonsai involves 2 different interventions, that of formation, which should be carried out in the vegetative period, and that of maintenance, which serves to correct the bearing of the plant. Maintenance pruning also serves to eliminate damaged or diseased branches. After pruning, the cut branches should be disinfected and healed to prevent them from becoming infested with parasites. The ligustrum is particularly afraid of attacks by scale insects, aphids and leaf miners. It may be possible to eliminate these parasites manually by sprinkling pine oil on the leaves and proceeding to remove all encrustations using a toothbrush. An alternative could be the

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