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Mother-in-law languages: general information

The mother-in-law’s tongues are succulent and epiphytic plants which differ from the Natalina plant for the flowering period; from spring to summer the first and from November to January the second. The the mother-in-law language is known by the scientific name or Schlumbergera Epiphyllum and is a perennial evergreen and exemplary. The the mother-in-law languageit prefers a semi-shady exposure and sheltered from drafts. Belonging to the cactaceae family, it has cultural needs very similar to those of the best known succulents. It comes from the regions of South and Central America (Brazil), includes about five species, depending on the type of affiliation, the mother-in-law’s tongue can reach heights of ten centimeters and up to sixty centimeters. The name mother-in-law language derives from the structure of the leaf apparatus.

Mother-in-law languages: description


The the mother-in-law languagesthey are succulent specimens and such must be treated. Despite the tropical places of origin, they can be grown in pots inside your home, remembering to follow correct cultivation practices with the aim of having specimens that are always lush and healthy. The aerial part of this epiphyte is made up of succulent leaves, of a bright green and joined together to form a sort of branching that tends downwards with development; the edges are very irregular. During the spring and summer season, very particular inflorescences with a red, orange or carmine color develop on the top of the last green leaf. According to the species that you decide to cultivate, you can see very different growths between one type and another:

Mother-in-law’s tongues: cultivation


Cultivation of mother-in-law’s tonguesit is very simple, just pay attention to irrigation, fertilization, the conformation of the land and implement preventive treatments to ward off diseases or aggressions by plant and animal parasites. The fertilizations must take place from the moment when the formation of buds begins and until withering. It does not need pruning other than to eliminate parts of the plant that are damaged or affected by diseases localized in small areas. Whenever necessary, this succulent is repotted during the spring season. Reproduction occurs by cutting, the soil must be composed of peat, coarse-grained sand and leaf soil; in this way a light and draining compound is created which is able to avoid the onset of root rot. Finally, as far as temperatures are concerned,

Mother-in-law tongues: diseases and reproduction


Despite taking great care of the mother-in-law’s tongues, they can be attacked by parasites or you can witness the onset of diseases harmful to the succulent. Root rot is one of the first dangers; if not caught in time by controlling irrigation and soil, the epiphyte goes to certain death. The mites act at the level of the foliage, feeding on the sap and leading to the desiccation of the aerial region. The gray mold produces a sort of gray powder, the cochineal covers the plant with a kind of cottony and sticky substance. Both are eliminated manually by using a cotton swab soaked in water and alcohol. As far as reproduction is concerned, it takes place by means of cuttings. To cut the branch from the mother plant it is necessary to use disinfected and well-sharpened tools. Once the cutting has been taken, it is left to dry for a few hours and finally buried in peat, leaf soil and sand.

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