Magnolia bonsai

What is magnolia bonsai

The magnolia bonsai is a small shrub, generally used for ornamental purposes due to the beauty of its flowers. There are two different types of magnolia bonsai: one evergreen and one with deciduous leaves, more popular than the first, as it is smaller in size and therefore easier to care for. The trunk of the magnolia bonsai is robust and has a silver color and a thick crown, with thin branches that contain small light green leaves, while the flowers take on shades ranging from pink to white. The peculiarity of the plant is given by its unmistakable flowers, which retain their original size, while the leaves, as usual, reach a size relative to the size of the bonsai.

The magnolia bonsai, regardless of whether it is evergreen or deciduous, needs a mild and sunny environment. To guarantee the plant a healthy development, excessively cold places and the hot summer sun should be avoided. As far as cultivation is concerned, the magnolia bonsai does not need high quantities of water, but must be constantly watered, especially during the summer. Watering must be slow and gentle and must be carried out in several stages, so that the soil can retain all the necessary water. Too abundant watering could cause waterlogging problems, damaging the roots of the shrub. During the warm months it is recommended to water the magnolia bonsai in the evening, in order to keep the soil moist all night.

Pruning of the magnolia bonsai

Being a slow growing shrub, the pruning of the magnolia bonsai is an operation to be carried out a few times during the course of the year. There are two types of pruning: training pruning and maintenance pruning. With the first we try to give the small tree the desired shape and it is to be carried out only at the end of the flowering period. Maintenance pruning, on the other hand, must be performed only if there is the need to eliminate diseased branches or to correct an uneven growth of the plant. Maintenance pruning, unlike training pruning, can also be carried out during the flowering phase of the bonsai, but it is not recommended to be practiced in particularly cold or excessively hot periods.

Magnolia bonsai: Fertilization and repotting of the magnolia bonsai

The fertilization of the magnolia bonsai must be carried out during the vegetative period of the shrub. The operation is to be suspended during the summer and must never be carried out during the flowering period. Through constant fertilization, with small interventions to be performed on a monthly basis, the bonsai receives complete nutrition, which is often not totally guaranteed by watering. The most suitable fertilizer to use is liquid fertilizer, to be used only after having thoroughly moistened the soil. The repotting of the magnolia bonsai is to be carried out annually for young bonsai and every 3-4 years for adult bonsai, choosing a suitable size pot and using a compound formed half of universal soil and the rest of peat and from clay.

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