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Medlar

How to irrigate

The medlar plant fears very humid soils and especially water stagnation. The watering of the medlar must be done during the early stages of growth, while during development, they will need irrigation only on the hottest summer days. After the first three years it will be necessary to wet during the pre-flowering and after the harvest of the fruits. If we live in a region of southern Italy it may be necessary, in dry periods, to irrigate possibly in the evening, using water that is not too cold. This type of intervention called emergency irrigation must be done until the moment in which there will be a lowering of temperatures and there will be precipitation. The water requirement of the medlar appears to be about 2500 cubic meters of water per hectare.

How to grow it


The medlar plant does not need special attention to be able to produce to the maximum. Apart from irrigation in the early stages of cultivation, periodic fertilization and pruning, other treatments are not essential. The soil must be balanced in nutrients and must be kept clean of weeds. In orchards where only medlar trees are grown, grassing is usually done to block the development of weeds. Once the pruning has been carried out, the residues must be eliminated because fungi and parasites often lurk on these, which can lead to some diseases. To exclude damage from hail, when creating the orchard, protective nets are set up, depending on the space available, preventing the medlars from being ruined.

Fertilize and prune


The fertilization of the medlar plants is usually done in the spring season by providing mature manure. A widely used fertilizer is in fact animal manure but the plant may need other specific fertilizers with different nutritional elements. For fertilizations, therefore, it is necessary to carefully check the availability of nutrients present in the earth and correct possible natural deficiencies. As for the pruning, it depends on the shape we want to obtain, that is with a low stem or bush, it must be done just before the winter season because if done in the middle of winter and / or incorrectly the plant can freeze. We intervene with limited interventions on the branches that do not follow the desired line and in May by removing the suckers at the base.

Medlar: Diseases and pests


Medlar plants can be affected by several very common diseases. Diseases affect both productive plants and ornamental plants.In the case of productive plants, diseases affect both leaves and fruits, but they may also have no symptoms. As for ornamental plants, these could be particularly attacked by fungi, which attack the leaves. In fact, fungi are among the most common diseases, such as the leaf spot of the medlar, canker or powdery mildew. Other problems could arise due to a bacterial disease called fire blight. The medlar, at times, is also infested by some parasitic insects, such as the capnodio, the San Josè cochineal or the leaf miner,

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