Mountain banana

The irrigation of the mountain banana

The mountain banana is very sensitive to heat; consequently, during the summer season the irrigations must be frequent and regular, and the cultivation soil must never be left dry for an excessively prolonged period. However, water stagnation must also be avoided, which often cause root rot and therefore tend to weaken the plant: this means that in winter, and especially if rainfall is abundant, it is necessary to reduce watering. The suggested method, the one by sprinkling, allows to administer the water resources to the tree in a moderate but constant way, and to directly wet the soil or the roots; in fact the foliage, if it is moistened in the hottest periods of the year, could undergo widespread burns.

Banana cultivation and care

The mountain banana is multiplied by sowing or by cutting; it is recommended to proceed in autumn in the first case, in winter in the second. This tree adapts rather easily to many types of soil, as long as the latter is fresh and characterized by excellent drainage. A preliminary planting must be carried out in a container filled with garden soil, adequately mixed with peat and sand: later, after rooting, it can be transplanted into the ground or, temporarily, into a larger diameter pot to monitor attention the growth. Pruning is only necessary if there are dried leaves or branches, or if you want to define the conformation of the specimen; the important thing is to use disinfected tools.

How to fertilize

For the fertilization of mountain banana it is possible to use organic products, such as manure or manure, or slow-release fertilizers based on potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen. These three elements perform indispensable functions for the plant, and their lack could be really dangerous. In fact, potassium is necessary not only for the synthesis of proteins and for the production of ATP, but also for obtaining good quality fruits; phosphorus, in turn fundamental, favors the processes of metabolism and rooting; finally, nitrogen is essential for tissue development. Fertilization should preferably be performed in spring: in autumn, an administration of nitrogen would tend to weaken the plant for the upcoming winter due to the growth of the vegetative parts.

Mountain banana: Exposure, diseases and pests

This tree is able to withstand very low temperatures; on the other hand, it hardly tolerates heat and drought. The ideal exposure is bright but breezy, provided, of course, the air currents are not excessive. Moreover, the mountain banana shows a remarkable resistance to diseases, even if in case of overabundant humidity it could be attacked by fungi. The latter cause damage to the foliage, branches and roots, and must be immediately eradicated with treatments based on fungicides; in addition, the affected parts must be eliminated with clean tools, to prevent the spread of the disease. The plant is rarely affected by parasitic infestations, but in any case both aphids and spider mites can be countered with a simple nettle macerate.

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