Mountain pine

How to irrigate

The mountain pine, also known as dwarf pine, is a shrub that grows in the wild in mountainous areas especially, it is widespread in central Europe. It is a plant that in Italy we can easily find in the areas around the Alps, especially above 1,500 meters above sea level. Despite this, there are several varieties that easily adapt to lower altitudes and that it is possible to buy and transplant in our gardens. For the optimal development of the mountain pine it is necessary to place it in a point with good sun exposure and provide it with plenty of water. To ensure that the water reaches all the roots, it is advisable to dig a groove around the trunk about ten centimeters deep and fill it with water. The plant will be able to absorb water gradually,

How to cultivate

The mountain pine is easily recognizable even by non-experts and it is not uncommon to meet it while hiking in the mountains. It should be known that being a protected species, the shrub should not be damaged. Its structure with curved branches and tangled roots help to avoid many landslides. This plant is present in many varieties that can also be grown in our gardens. It is important to know that when we buy a mountain pine it must be transplanted as soon as possible, because this plant suffers a lot in the pot. The mountain pine needs a rocky soil and should be transplanted in a sunny area of ​​the garden by watering it regularly. Being a very strong shrub it does not require special care, but it is recommended to place it in a spacious area,

How to transplant

The mountain pine is a very resistant shrub that manages to develop even in arid and rocky soils, however it cannot survive if it does not have plenty of water. However, if the earth is too alkaline or too humid, the plant will begin to suffer because it needs precise attention on the type of soil in which it is planted, because it could suffer from nutritional deficiencies. Planting must be done in the period from winter to early spring: it could also be transplanted during autumn, but only in the coldest period. After digging a hole, the shrub should be inserted following the natural inclination of the roots, so as not to damage them in positioning. When we have placed the plant and covered the hole, we cover the area around the trunk with mulch of pine needles and bark.

Mountain pine: Possible parasites and remedies

As with other conifers, mountain pine may be attacked by various parasites and fungi. In particular, the most common and harmful pest to this shrub is the cochineal Leucaspis pini. Since the leaves of the mountain pine are needle-like, it is difficult to identify the very small scale insects and then be able to eliminate them. If the needles start to turn yellow, you have to worry, because this means that the mountain pine has been attacked by pests. If the situation arises already in an advanced state, it is necessary to act with chemical insecticides that hit the outer protective layer of the cochineal. If possible, it is better to use petroid insecticides, which destroy the cochineal cover by killing it. It is important to avoid chemical remedies if the tree is inhabited by bees or other beneficial insects for the garden.

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