Nashi fruit


The Nashi fruit is a plant that does not require excessive attention from the point of view of the administration of water. However, if you want to obtain fruits of a certain quality and size, you need to provide the plant with the right water supply and above all at the right time. In fact, irrigation must be carried out in a balanced way, avoiding creating situations of excess water or, on the contrary, situations of suffering. In addition, the vegetative period must also be considered. In particular, water must be supplied to a limited extent during the growth phase of the shoots, while it is necessary to carry out more abundant irrigations during the fruit growth phase. The methods of water administration must also take into account the extension of the field. In the case of a few plants, it can be irrigated using the classic basin irrigation method. If, on the other hand, the field has a greater extension, it is advisable to resort to modern drip irrigation systems that allow you to supply the same amount of water to each plant.

The cultivation technique

The Nashi fruit is a plant native to China. The ideal climate is the warm temperate one, despite this it adapts very well to the Mediterranean climate. It can be safely grown in the peach production areas, but also in those where apples are grown. The Nashi fruit is able to withstand even the coldest temperatures in the winter period. Spring frosts, on the other hand, could cause serious damage to the crop. Nashi can be grafted using the common pear plant as rootstock. The most recommended method of grafting for the Nashi is the bud grafting, which must be carried out between August and September. In the event that the rootstock is already developed and the trunk is large enough, it is recommended to use the split graft. In this case, the operation must be carried out around February.

How to take care of it

The pruning of the Nashi fruit is an operation to be carried out in two distinct periods. Winter pruning must be carried out to eliminate the branches that have already borne fruit. Summer pruning is done after harvesting and eliminates the suckers. A further pruning can be carried out during the flowering phase, with the simple shortening of the branches. Another very important operation is that of fruit thinning. The Nashi, in fact, is a plant capable of producing numerous fruits. However, this situation is counterproductive from a qualitative and size point of view. Therefore, one month after flowering, it is recommended to proceed with fruit thinning. Nashi fertilization must be done in several stages. In autumn, a first fertilization is carried out with nitrogen-based products. In winter, during the vegetative rest phase fertilizers based on nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are administered. These last two elements will serve the plant as stimulants for the vegetative restart. The third nitrogen-based fertilization is done in spring. The last fertilization is done in summer by administering nitrogen-based products.

Nashi fruit: Diseases

The Nashi fruit does not present particular problems. However, this plant can be affected by the carpocapsa or the pear psylla. In this case, if the attack does not appear to be so extensive as to compromise production and is close to harvest, you can avoid intervening. If you are forced to carry out treatments, it is advisable to use specific products for these problems. Another problem that can affect Nashi is black rot and scab. In this case it is advisable to intervene with fungicides. In any case, before using any chemical product, it is advisable to consult an expert in the sector, to establish doses and methods of administration, thus avoiding causing further damage to the plant. A final problem that can affect the Nashi, for which unfortunately there is no cure, is the shot of fire. In this case the only solution is prevention. It is recommended to avoid the use of dirty and non-disinfected shears. Should this problem arise, the only solution is to eliminate the diseased plant.

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