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New guinea flower

New guinea flower origins and characteristics

The new guinea plant is a balsaminacea and belongs to the impatiens, a genus of which over five hundred different species of annual and perennial plants belong. Its origins are African and Asian: the most common species is the walleriana, which has a shrubby habit and is perennial, but is now treated as an annual, since it rarely survives the cold of winter. It has many thin and fleshy branches of a light green color, while the leaves are small, rounded but pointed and with a serrated edge. The leaves are sometimes a darker green. The flower of the new guinea can be white, red, pink or purple: flowering begins in spring and ends with the first autumn colds, it is usually very abundant. The new guinea, also called impatiens hawkererii, is a little different from the others: it has larger and longer leaves, much darker, the flowers are also larger and have lighter shades, ranging from white to pink. In addition, they tolerate summer heat much better than other species.

New guinea flower cultivation


In its countries of origin, the new guinea is a perennial plant. In our latitudes, however, it is cultivated as an annual, or as a garden shrub, or in flower beds or pots. Furthermore, with us, this plant can bloom practically all year round and is very decorative, in fact it is often also used as street furniture in public gardens, also thanks to the beauty of its flower. In general, impatiens should stay in partial shade or in the shade, because exposure to direct sunlight could cause them to deteriorate in a short time. To stay in the sun it must be watered very abundantly and frequently. In areas with a very harsh climate, it is better to cultivate them in pots, as they fear temperatures below five degrees. Keeping them in pots, therefore, in winter it is possible to move them indoors to keep them at their best,

New guinea flower cure


To produce its first flower, each New Guinea seedling must be watered regularly, the soil must never stay dry for too long as drought is an enemy of this species. Furthermore, about every ten days, it is advisable to mix a little fertilizer for flowering plants with the normal irrigation water. Alternatively, slow release fertilizer can be used, but it should be administered less frequently. In winter, if we keep our New Guinea specimen indoors, watering will have to be more sporadic. New Guinea prefers soft, humus-rich soil. Planting should be done in early spring, as soon as the cold that could damage the shoots is over. The soil should be prepared well, also adding peat.

New guinea flower multiplication and curiosity


The propagation of the new guinea can take place in two ways: by seed or by cuttings. In the first case, it is necessary to create the seedbed in autumn, so in spring we can immediately enjoy the view of the first flower of our plant. The cutting, on the other hand, should be done preferably in spring or, alternatively, always in autumn, but when it is still not too cold. The new guinea is a very resistant plant to diseases, however it can often be affected by powdery mildew if the plant is kept indoors and not in a very airy environment; then the aphids can damage the new shoots and the snails the leaves, so you have to be very careful and intervene if necessary. The botanical name of this plant, i.e. impatiens, indicates the impatience to create new plants, i.e. the ability of this species to spread seeds everywhere: during the period of full bloom, touching a new guinea flower with your hand you will notice the falling of numerous seeds into the ground all around. The particular name of this plant derives from this event.

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