Olive tree bonsai

The main characteristics of the bonsai olive trees

The bonsai olive tree belongs to the Oleaceae family, the species most used for ornamental purposes and easily available on the market, it is called Olea europaea. These specimens originate from the Caucasian territories, the main decorative features are the massive, twisted trunk and the dense, supple branches that give an ancient appearance even to the younger specimens of Olive bonsai. Resistant plants suitable for outdoor cultivation, they have evergreen, leathery, lanceolate or elliptical leaves. In late spring the flowering period begins which consists of the emission of inflorescences gathered in panicles, white and small. Subsequently, the fruits appear, the olives that grow numerous on the branches of the bonsai olive tree,

Cultivation techniques of bonsai olive trees

The bonsai olive plants prefer to be placed in well sunny and bright places while they must be sheltered from strong currents and prolonged frosts of the winter seasons. For development and luxuriant growth, the soil in the pot must be loose enough, composed of universal soil mixed with portions of clay and peat in equal parts, to ensure correct drainage of irrigation and avoid the onset of possible fungal diseases or rot. The water support must be regular and frequent starting from spring and throughout the summer months, it is advisable to wait until the substrate is completely dry before irrigating again. Starting from the autumn season, watering is reduced to what is strictly necessary.

The interventions of pruning, repotting and pinching of the olive tree bonsai

Pruning interventions must be determined based on the climatic context, in the colder regions the ideal period is in summer while in the territories with a more temperate climate, it is possible to carry out the operation both in spring and in autumn. The foliage must be thinned out of excess branches and the suckers that arise at the base of the trunk must be eliminated. The bonsai olive trees should be repotted in spring, taking care to shorten the longer roots. To carry out pruning and repotting correctly, specific tools and pots for bonsai are essential. The pinching is used above all on young specimens of olive bonsai to direct the growth to the desired shape. New shoots are topped when they reach the desired length. Stapling is practiced throughout the

Fertilization and adversity of bonsai olive trees

The bonsai of the olive tree species need targeted fertilization and to be administered at certain times of the year. In fact, a liquid organic fertilizer to be diluted in irrigation starting from spring and up to the autumn season, provides all the nutrients necessary for a luxuriant growth. It is important to suspend the fertilizations during the vegetative stasis of the summer months, July and August. Although they are resistant plants, bonsai olive trees can be attacked by parasites, such as scale insects, spider mites and aphids. To prevent possible infestations, it is advisable to administer a specific insecticide. Furthermore, another enemy not to be underestimated is the fumaggine, which can affect the foliage and must be treated with targeted and fungicidal products.

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