Olive tree grafting

Garden with fruits

A home garden is not necessarily the place to grow some beautiful flower plants, or to let children play while we delight in pruning or arranging some kind of decorative plant; in a garden everyone can put what they like best, and this can also be referred to fruit plants.

Contrary to what is usually thought, fruit plants are very used in the garden, because they manage to combine the need for beauty (some fruit plants in the flowering period are nothing short of enchanting, one above all the peach tree and also the cherry tree) with the ability to engage the owner, as they require the normal maintenance of the other plants plus those precautions to allow them to bear fruit with great abundance and quality. If this is done in the best way, we will also have the pleasure of enjoying the beauty of a tree full of fruits, a symbol of health and joy, as well as enjoying these fruits by eating them or even using them to give gifts to loved ones. Obviously, to put fruit plants in the garden you need a certain space,

The olive tree (or olive tree) is one of the most appreciated fruit trees in the world; it originates in the Mediterranean basin and the Italian one grown in the southern regions of the Peninsula is highly appreciated because there are favorable conditions both in terms of climate and soil fertility. Its cultivation is lavished both for the fruit it bears (the olives, existing in various qualities and very used as a tasty appetizer or to accompany and flavor various dishes) and for the precious nectar that is obtained from these fruits: the oil of ‘olive. In Italy this product sees its excellence, with various IGPs, DOCs, DOGs, DOCGs and DOPs that regulate the extra virgin olive oil market, very flourishing especially in exports, where it guarantees a total turnover of several billions of EUR. But not only, for our ancestors and for us still today the olive tree has a strong historical value, and that is why it is also cultivated with an ornamental plant in the garden, very often also by searching on the vegetable market for centuries-old olive trees for sale, which fascinate and conquer for their majesty and for the history and the evident time they show. The maximum splendor is obtained with a cultivation of several specimens, also the pride of many gardening enthusiasts.

Grafting of the olive tree

The olive tree is a fruit plant which, like many others of this type, requires a graft to make the most of its fruit; the olive tree graft is an operation that involves the insertion of a branch from another plant into the trunk of an already grown plant. This happens with various techniques, but above all for various reasons that we will analyze later.

Now we limit ourselves to evaluating the technique to be used for olive grafting; this is called the “crown” grafting technique and is common and effective on most fruit plants, such as the olive tree. He plans to cut cleanly the trunk of the host olive tree, almost as if we wanted to eliminate it, but making a cut that is not nearly low to the ground but at about a meter in height.

Then vertical cuts are made on the upper part of the bark of this half trunk, about four equally spaced apart. They must have the shape of an inverted triangle, very elongated downwards and with a small base; in these spaces created a branch must be placed (for each space) taken from the host plant, suitably shaped with a tip but not central, so that the internal part is in contact with the excavation in the trunk while the external part is made of bark.

Operations and motivations

After the branches have been positioned as described, the olive tree graft must be fixed and in this regard it is preferable to use a sturdy rope to wrap around the entire host trunk in order to keep the branches tight. Not only that, between them and their location it is an ancient custom to put moisture-attracting moss to prevent everything from drying out. Usually, within two months, if the grafts have taken root, you can admire new buds or in any case a renewal of the branch. At this point the whole thing can be untied and the grafts must be allowed to grow without any pruning for two years or so, in which already some good fruit could be seen. By the way, but why the grafting of the olive tree?

Let’s say that with regard to this plant, the main motivation is linked to the production of olive oil, that is to look for the best quality of olive tree for the production of nectar, both in terms of quality and flavor and in terms of resistance to diseases of the plant and its fruits. Often it is also grafted to recover a good trunk after an illness, or to help the reproduction of the plant itself, perhaps bringing some male branches whose flowers may be closer to the females already present around it, or vice versa.

Related posts

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Botón volver arriba