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Orchid care

Orchids in the house

Orchids are plants with immense charm, due to the particular shape of the flowers and their bright colors, which can vary greatly from species to species. Orchids are plants that are selected mainly for cultivation in the apartment and boast wide diffusion in European homes, despite the delicacy of the plant, precisely because of its undoubted decorative power. In fact, orchids have tropical origins and for this reason they do not adapt well to the temperature changes that characterize the different climatic areas of Europe. Growing indoors is therefore an essential requirement for plants capable of enriching and decorating any type of house or apartment. A first, fundamental attention for these delicate plants concerns the environment in which they are inserted: orchids prefer humid and very bright environments, without drafts and without temperature changes. Depending on the vital phase of the plant, the needs will also vary: knowing the orchid means knowing how to identify from time to time what can best stimulate its growth and healthy development.

Watering and soil


Watering is a very delicate operation for orchids: the health of the plant largely depends on it. Being a cultivation of tropical origin, the orchid needs to be placed in humid environments, but at the same time it fears excessive water stagnation: it is therefore better to opt for regular and frequent irrigation rather than abundant. The leaves of the orchid need nebulization, which must be carried out mainly in the morning or in any case during the day, but avoiding the hottest ones, so that the leaves remain dry in the cooler hours, those at night. When spraying the leaves it is advisable to be careful and avoid spraying the flowers, which could get stained over time. The ideal frequency for orchids varies depending on the species: in general, one watering per week is recommended for epiphytic species, while for terrestrial ones it is advisable to opt for a couple of weekly irrigations. Given the delicacy of these fascinating plants, to wet the orchids one must be careful not to use water rich in chlorine. Better to use rainwater, or in any case demineralized water, to be sprayed at room temperature. The most suitable technique for irrigation is to immerse the pot in water for about 20 or 30 minutes. The jar will then be left to drain to avoid water stagnation. to wet the orchids, care must be taken not to use water rich in chlorine. Better to use rainwater, or in any case demineralized water, to be sprayed at room temperature. The most suitable technique for irrigation is to immerse the pot in water for about 20 or 30 minutes. The jar will then be left to drain to avoid water stagnation. to wet the orchids, care must be taken not to use water rich in chlorine. Better to use rainwater, or in any case demineralized water, to be sprayed at room temperature. The most suitable technique for irrigation is to immerse the pot in water for about 20 or 30 minutes. The jar will then be left to drain to avoid water stagnation.

Pruning of orchids


The pruning of orchids is an operation that allows the plants to remain in good health and allows them to be lush and fascinating plants. This is an operation that must meet the needs of the individual plant and therefore must be evaluated on the basis of specific characteristics, even if it is possible to identify some general lines valid for all species of widespread orchids. The first big difference is between those that allow re-flowering on the same stem and those that instead bloom only once for each single stem: in the second case, the stems that have completed their production cycle must be pruned to prevent them from stealing unnecessary nourishment from the plant. For the various pruning operations it is important to always use sterilized or disposable tools, to prevent the cuts from becoming infected. It will be sufficient to simply eliminate the dry or damaged parts and possibly the no longer productive stems to have an orchid with abundant and luxuriant flowering. After making the cuts, it is advisable to apply a special mastic that will promote healing, thus avoiding the risk of infections for the plant.

Orchid Care: Diseases and Pests


The appearance of the orchid is the first vehicle of information on the health of the plant: it is often sufficient to carefully observe the characteristics of the orchid to understand if there are ongoing diseases or if we are doing something wrong for the care of the plant. . Many of the main problems associated with this type of flower, in fact, are not consequent to real diseases, but to errors related to daily maintenance: recognizing these factors is important to change habits and bring the orchid back to its maximum splendor. The fall of the leaves can be a sign of too abundant watering and water stagnation, while the fall of the flowers, on the contrary, is a sign of an ongoing water shortage. Leaves are also a wake-up call for assessing environmental humidity: if not enough, they lose their luster and brilliance. A delay in flowering or its absence are instead a sign of poor lighting. All these problems, if solved, allow the plant to recover its full state of health. The orchid can also be prone to parasitic diseases: small dark spots may indicate the presence of cochineal, light spots an aphid infestation, while a light cobweb with discolored spots reveals the presence of red spider mites. To fight the parasites it is necessary to intervene, if at the initial stage, with a cotton swab soaked in alcohol, while for a more important infestation it will be necessary to resort to the use of specific products to prevent the parasites from leading the plant to death. A delay in flowering or its absence are instead a sign of poor lighting. All these problems, if solved, allow the plant to recover its full state of health. The orchid can also be prone to parasitic diseases: small dark spots may indicate the presence of cochineal, light spots an aphid infestation, while a light cobweb with discolored spots reveals the presence of red spider mites. To fight the parasites it is necessary to intervene, if at the initial stage, with a cotton swab soaked in alcohol, while for a more important infestation it will be necessary to resort to the use of specific products to prevent the parasites from leading the plant to death. A delay in flowering or its absence are instead a sign of poor lighting. All these problems, if solved, allow the plant to recover its full state of health. The orchid can also be prone to parasitic diseases: small dark spots may indicate the presence of cochineal, light spots an aphid infestation, while a light cobweb with discolored spots reveals the presence of red spider mites. To fight the parasites it is necessary to intervene, if at the initial stage, with a cotton swab soaked in alcohol, while for a more important infestation it will be necessary to resort to the use of specific products to prevent the parasites from leading the plant to death. allow the plant to recover its full health. The orchid can also be prone to parasitic diseases: small dark spots may indicate the presence of cochineal, light spots an aphid infestation, while a light cobweb with discolored spots reveals the presence of red spider mites. To fight the parasites it is necessary to intervene, if at the initial stage, with a cotton swab soaked in alcohol, while for a more important infestation it will be necessary to resort to the use of specific products to prevent the parasites from leading the plant to death. allow the plant to recover its full health. The orchid can also be prone to parasitic diseases: small dark spots may indicate the presence of cochineal, light spots an aphid infestation, while a light cobweb with discolored spots reveals the presence of red spider mites. To fight the parasites it is necessary to intervene, if at the initial stage, with a cotton swab soaked in alcohol, while for a more important infestation it will be necessary to resort to the use of specific products to prevent the parasites from leading the plant to death. while a light cobweb with discolored spots reveals the presence of a red spider. To fight the parasites it is necessary to intervene, if at the initial stage, with a cotton swab soaked in alcohol, while for a more important infestation it will be necessary to resort to the use of specific products to prevent the parasites from leading the plant to death. while a light cobweb with discolored spots reveals the presence of a red spider. To fight the parasites it is necessary to intervene, if at the initial stage, with a cotton swab soaked in alcohol, while for a more important infestation it will be necessary to resort to the use of specific products to prevent the parasites from leading the plant to death.

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