Orchid plants

History of orchid plants-1

Seven hundred years before the coming of Christ, the Japanese and Chinese drew orchids and two hundred years later, Confucius became a passionate admirer. Theophrastus, a disciple of Aristotle who was a philosopher and great botanist, described the aphrodisiac powers of orchids; while Dioscorides, or rather Dioscorides Pedanius, Greek botanist, physician and pharmacist who practiced in Nero’s Rome, went further: in his treatise “De Materia Medica” he explained in detail how to eat the orchid depending on whether you wanted to conceive a child male or female. The Middle Ages, the dark age of wizards and witches, saw orchids as the protagonists of love potions and elixirs of youth; also appreciated in black magic, although never as a main ingredient.

History of orchid plants-2

In the two centuries between the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries the Vanilla Orchid that the conquistadors brought to Europe, from the Mexico of the Aztecs, was mixed with chocolate and drunk because it was thought to increase strength.In Victorian England, the orchid was considered a complicated plant , difficult to breed due to its exotic origin and, therefore, symbolized class and prestige.When William Cattley, the famous English grower, in 1818 he made the pseudobulbs of an orchid plant bloom, used as packaging for a delivery of plants sent to him from the South America, the cultivation of orchid plants had a significant increase. It even became a fashionable business, so much so that the collection of William Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire, became the most famous in England.

Cultivation of orchid plants-1

The orchid family includes many species and varieties. Orchid plants have colonized the whole planet, with the exception of the two poles and the desert areas, although they are more widespread in the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the Earth. It is not so easy, therefore, to talk about it on a general level. Orchids are usually divided into three categories, depending on the climatic needs. They are grown in greenhouses and it is essential to subject them to changes in temperature during the year, to simulate the changing of the seasons and, consequently, induce flowering. Cold greenhouse orchids live well with temperatures between 10 and 15 ° C, while temperate greenhouse orchids should be kept at temperatures around 10-15 ° C in winter and 20 ° C and more in summer.

Orchid Plants: Cultivation of orchid plants-2

They love to live in very bright places, but never in direct sun. The best pot is the transparent one because it is easy to check the roots. Excellent to use pine bark as a substrate: humidity is created, but air circulation is allowed. Alternatively you can use polystyrene, coconut fiber, pumice, perlite. Wet when the pot is light and the roots have a silver color. Waterlogging causes leaves to fall and are often lethal, but drought causes flowers to fall. Excellent immersion and drain the jar; never calcareous water. Fertilize them with a suitable fertilizer, regularly. Orchids need a humidity level of about 60%. They are delicate, but with the right precautions you can get good results.

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