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Orchids in the house

The apartment species

Orchids are among the flowers most loved by green enthusiasts: colorful and with graceful shapes, these plants are offered to man in many varieties, all to be discovered and all full of charm. However, orchids are plants as beautiful as they are delicate: their cultivation must take place in full compliance with the needs of orchids and, in any case, it is not always possible. In particular, it is necessary to distinguish between the different species also on the basis of their origin: not all orchids, in fact, are exotic plants of distant origins. In Europe there are many native species which, however, in most cases are considered protected, due to their delicacy and low diffusion: in any case, they would not adapt to domestic environments as much as tropical orchids, for which it is easier to create a closed environment that can protect them and make them grow in a healthy way. The first step to be taken for growing orchids at home, therefore, is to identify a species that can adapt well to this type of environment, informing itself accurately about its needs.

Exposure


Being delicate species, the different orchids must be grown in full compliance with their specific needs, which can vary considerably from specimen to specimen. Even the position of the pot or in any case of the plant inside the house must take into account the different needs: an arrangement in an unsuitable place can compromise flowering and even lead to the death of the plant itself. Among the most important elements to take into consideration is exposure to sunlight: orchids are, in this sense, very delicate and incorrect exposure could seriously damage the plant. Orchids exposed to too much light may have burnt, transient flowers, while orchids exposed to too little light may not bloom at all. Therefore, there is no a valid universal formula, but you will have to evaluate the arrangement of the flowers in more or less bright, shaded or semi-shaded places on the basis of the variety to be cultivated. In any case, in general, it should be remembered that tropical orchids usually live exposed to a lot of light, but never direct: it is also better to avoid proximity to drafts and heat sources, which would damage the plant. The ideal positions are therefore near the windows, in well-lit rooms, but without direct rays hitting the plant and without any drafts or radiators nearby. it should be remembered that tropical orchids usually live exposed to a lot of light, but never direct: it is also better to avoid proximity to drafts and heat sources, which would damage the plant. The ideal positions are therefore near the windows, in well-lit rooms, but without direct rays hitting the plant and without any drafts or radiators nearby. it should be remembered that tropical orchids usually live exposed to a lot of light, but never direct: it is also better to avoid proximity to drafts and heat sources, which would damage the plant. The ideal positions are therefore near the windows, in well-lit rooms, but without direct rays hitting the plant and without any drafts or radiators nearby.

Cultivation


Once you have found a place carefully protected but sufficiently bright for the orchid to flower and grow, you will have to give the plant all the other periodic or daily attention necessary. Another element to be taken into careful consideration is the quantity of water and the frequency of watering: the orchid has very specific needs that must be met in order not to compromise the health of the plant. Also in this case, the orchid will have different needs depending on the species chosen, although it is possible to identify general guidelines that unite most of the species. Tropical orchids are plants generally accustomed to little water and frequent rains, so it will be good to try to follow these guidelines for watering. Better to water more frequently, but taking care not to overdo the quantities of water used from time to time: in this way the soil can always be kept moist, but water stagnation will be avoided which can damage the roots compromising the good orchid health. A high environmental humidity must be added to a good watering, which can also be obtained by spraying the aerial parts of the plant. During the flowering period, to favor the development of many flowers, the soil hosting the orchid can be enriched with fertilizer, perhaps liquid, to be sprinkled with the watering water, on a regular basis. in this way the soil can always be kept moist, but water stagnation will be avoided which can damage the roots, compromising the good health of the orchid. A high environmental humidity must be added to a good watering, which can also be obtained by spraying the aerial parts of the plant. During the flowering period, to favor the development of many flowers, the soil hosting the orchid can be enriched with fertilizer, perhaps liquid, to be sprinkled with the watering water, on a regular basis. in this way the soil can always be kept moist, but water stagnation will be avoided which can damage the roots, compromising the good health of the orchid. A high environmental humidity must be added to a good watering, which can also be obtained by spraying the aerial parts of the plant. During the flowering period, to favor the development of many flowers, the soil hosting the orchid can be enriched with fertilizer, perhaps liquid, to be sprinkled with the watering water, on a regular basis.

Orchids in the home: Diseases and pests


Orchids are not only sensitive to environmental conditions, but also to the attack of parasites and fungi, from which they are not exempt even if grown in indoor and protected spaces. Among the parasites, the main enemies of orchids are aphids and cochineal: both can be recognized by the appearance, on the leaves, of small brown or necrotic spots. If the spots are dark, you may also be faced with the presence of red spider mite, although slightly less common on orchids. If the leaves have larger spots, they begin to yellow and fall off, the problems may be related to the presence of fungal diseases, but also to errors in cultivation. In case of attack by parasites and fungi it will be necessary to intervene with specific pesticides and antifungals, which can be sufficiently aggressive with pests without however damaging the delicate orchid. The important thing is that each specimen is removed, to avoid a resumption of colonization. If, on the other hand, the leaves start to have an ugly appearance or the flowering fails, the cultivation conditions could be wrong and, consequently, it could be necessary to intervene by changing the cultivation habits, to favor the recovery of the plant. Burnt leaves will be a sign of excessive exposure to the sun, while the absence of flowering and drying and falling leaves can result from the presence of drafts or incorrect conditions in the supply of water and environmental humidity. it is important that each specimen is removed, to avoid a resumption of colonization. If, on the other hand, the leaves start to have an ugly appearance or the flowering fails, the cultivation conditions could be wrong and, consequently, it could be necessary to intervene by changing the cultivation habits, to favor the recovery of the plant. Burnt leaves will be a sign of excessive exposure to the sun, while the absence of flowering and drying and falling leaves can result from the presence of drafts or incorrect conditions in the supply of water and environmental humidity. it is important that each specimen is removed, to avoid a resumption of colonization. If, on the other hand, the leaves start to have an ugly appearance or the flowering fails, the cultivation conditions could be wrong and, consequently, it could be necessary to intervene by changing the cultivation habits, to favor the recovery of the plant. Burnt leaves will be a sign of excessive exposure to the sun, while the absence of flowering and drying and falling leaves can result from the presence of drafts or incorrect conditions in the supply of water and environmental humidity. the cultivation conditions could be wrong and, consequently, it could be necessary to intervene by modifying the cultivation habits, to favor the recovery of the plant. Burnt leaves will be a sign of excessive exposure to the sun, while the absence of flowering and drying and falling leaves can result from the presence of drafts or incorrect conditions in the supply of water and environmental humidity. the cultivation conditions could be wrong and, consequently, it could be necessary to intervene by changing the cultivation habits, to favor the recovery of the plant. Burnt leaves will be a sign of excessive exposure to the sun, while the absence of flowering and drying and falling leaves can result from the presence of drafts or incorrect conditions in the supply of water and environmental humidity.

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