Ornamental olive tree pruning

Essential characteristics and ornamental olive tree pruning

The olive tree is part of the «Oleaceae» family, which in turn includes plants characteristic of warm areas. It is an evergreen plant and if the climate allows it, it does not slow down its growth. Depending on the type and state of the soil and the surrounding environment, it is necessary to wait at least 5 years before the start of fruiting and at least 20 for it to reach ornamental characteristics. Its leaves have an oblong shape and are very resistant. It is a very long-lived tree and able to withstand periods of drought. Pruning is an indispensable procedure to perfect the development of trees and is also performed on fruit trees, cultivated for both productive and ornamental purposes: the olive tree can in fact be cultivated for its fruits, olives, which generate the

Pruning tips: young and adult olive trees

The «ornamental» olive tree pruning must not be wild but well balanced. However, when the plant is still young it is always advisable to contain the cuts so as not to affect its natural development, to allow it to grow in the best possible way and acquire a regular shape. It is essential to cut the branches that are on the stem of the plant, «up to a height of 50cm» from the ground and eventually thin out the foliage a little, in order to balance the upper and lower part of the tree. With the following prunings, the branches that have grown close to the top will have to be removed to facilitate the growth of the latter and the 3-4 branches on the sides. On the other hand, adult olive trees need moderate pruning to eliminate only the dry or weakened branches,

Other characteristics of the olive tree and cultivation advice

As we have seen, «ornamental» olive tree pruning is an indispensable practice as for any other type of «fruit tree». Irrigation is also not to be neglected: it is not a very demanding tree even if it needs to be watered frequently when it is still young. As for fertilization, it is necessary to give the plant quite often nitrogen in the first phase of its development; when the plant is adult, a «complex fertilizer» («NPK containing nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium») is sufficient, during the spring period. To defend and protect an ornamental olive treefrom fungi, few treatments with «cupric products» («hydroxide, oxychloride or Bordeaux mixture») are necessary. It adapts to slightly «calcareous» and «rocky» soils but not on humid ones. Despite being a plant coming from the Mediterranean areas, it can also live outside of them, mainly if it is used for ornamental purposes; it regenerates quickly and is able to renew its foliage if hit by frost.

Ornamental olive tree pruning: Characteristics and properties of extra virgin olive oil

Italy, together with Spain, is the largest producer of extra virgin olive oil which is the staple of our daily diet, as long as it is consumed in limited quantities. Better known as «liquid gold», it has recognized antioxidant properties because it contains polyphenols, it is a real source of mineral salts and vitamins in fact, it contains Potassium, Magnesium and Vitamins A, D, E. Given its anti-aging power , extra virgin olive oil, is used for the preparation of anti-aging creams for the treatment of face and body skin. Applied pure, before shampooing, it represents a real panacea to strengthen and reinvigorate brittle and weakened hair, massaged on hands and nails, it has a nourishing and elasticizing effect on the skin.

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