Passiflora passion fruit

Passiflora morphology

Passiflora belongs to the vast genus of Passifloraceae, which includes about 530 different species, many of which are used for their medicinal and ornamental properties and for their edible fruits. Passion fruit is the size of an egg and has a smooth, waxy surface, but with a hard rind, which can range from dark purple to light yellow. Inside there is a cavity containing a gelatinous pulp in which up to 250 seeds are stored. The yellow fruit has a sour taste juice while the purple fruit has an aromatic pulp and a savory taste. The plant is strong and resistant, its leaves are long with toothed margins. It clings to any type of support with tendrils and can grow up to six meters in height in a year.

Passionflower cultivation

Being a subtropical plant, Passiflora needs full sun and good shelter from all atmospheric agents (wind and frost). It is therefore essential that it be planted in full light and in a soil with rich draining properties. The best season to plant Passion Fruit is spring, as there is a lower risk of frost. It is necessary to water the plant often throughout the flowering and fruiting period, from spring to the end of summer, avoiding wetting the foliage too much. The growth of this plant is very fast but it is a good rule to fertilize it at least twice during the spring, summer and autumn. During the fruiting phase, however, the use of a liquid fertilizer, specific for citrus fruits, is recommended.

Therapeutic properties of Passionflower

Passiflora has been known for its medical properties for centuries and it seems that it was even grown in the private gardens of the Aztec kings. When in 1600 the plant was imported to Europe, it was immediately appreciated for its characteristics as an antispasmodic and sedative. Passiflora has, in fact, a powerful sedative action that affects the central nervous system and especially on the sleep centers. This plant, in fact, is very useful in the treatment of insomnia (not that of a psychiatric nature) and is able to cause a sleep phase similar to the physiological one. Furthermore, among its beneficial properties

Passiflora Passion Fruit: The most beautiful varieties of Passiflora

The Passiflora Caerulea Constance Elliott is probably the most beautiful of the types of its species. Although it is a climbing plant, it is not too invasive a specimen and is capable of withstanding even very low temperatures. Its flowers are large and pure white, while its leaves are multicolored and in colder climates the Passiflora Caerulea sheds completely. The Passiflora Racemosa is native to Brazil and is so called because its flowers gather in red racemes. Passiflora X Violacea is a robust plant that can reach 4 meters in height. In reality, X Violacea is a hybrid born in 1824 from the cross between Racemosa and Caerulea and, like the latter, it has excellent resistance to cold. It does not produce many fruits and, those few that reach maturity,

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