Passion flower

In the common tradition the passion flower is well known with the phrase: “passion flower”. In botany, on the other hand, the climbing plant of plassifora is classified as belonging to the “passifloraceae” family. Popular imagination has no limits in attributing particular names to plants. Names which, however, often have a foundation of truth. This is the case of passiflora which was called in the vernacular “passion flower”. To define it with this term was the Swedish physician and naturalist Linnaeus. The term “passion flower” was coined in 1735. In the flower, according to Linnaeus, there are the emblems of the Calvary of Jesus Christ: the radial appendages of the flower recall the crown of thorns, the stamens the sponge, the shape of the stigmas i nails.

Characteristics of the species

The white-flowered Passiflora edulis is native to the Carioca land. Its ripe fruits are used for the preparation of a very pleasant drink called “batida”. The best known and most widespread in the gardens of the south of the Italian peninsula and present in the microclimates of the pre-alpine lakes is the species called “passion flower”. Botanically it is the Passiflora cerulea, originally from Brazil, but which according to recent studies was discovered by a botanical monk around 1600, in Peru. The white, blue and purple flowers, 6 to 8 centimeters wide, bloom from July to September and produce large, ovoid fruits of a beautiful yellow-orange color. Passiflora edulis produces trefoil leaves and white flowers with a fragrant purple crown. It has thin and angular stems, with cirrus clouds; the fruits are sought after by the populations of the tropical regions of Central America because they have a taste similar to oranges. They are oval, 5 centimeters long, red-brown in color at the time of ripening.

Sowing, watering, fertilization

The genus passiflora is rich in five hundred species of evergreen climbing shrubs. The multiplication is carried out by means of stem cuttings, 8-10 cm long, in July and August, and rooted in peat. Passiflora plants overwinter in cassone after potting when rooting has been ascertained. Passionflower prefers rather fertile and humiferous soil, both in the sun and in not very shady locations. Every year in February, mature manure must be placed at the foot of the vine. Passiflora, the passion fruit, should be watered regularly if spring and summer are very hot. The plant becomes greedy for water if it is grown in the pots on the balcony. Its enemies are scale insects and aphids, and they must be treated immediately with specific products. Flowering is renewed during the summer.

Passionflower: Medicinal properties

Passionflower is a plant that is also recognized for medical properties. In fact, all the green parts are used, because they are considered rich in flavonoids and alkaloids. The green parts of the passion flower are harvested in the summer months, from June to September, and left to dry in the shade in a very airy area. At the time of the Aztecs, passionflower was used as a relaxant. A use, which survived the Aztecs. Today in herbal medicine and pharmacy there are several syrups, infusions, and drinks that have calming and sedative properties. Passionflower is very suitable for treating insomnia, to combat tachycardia, and as a natural anxiolytic. Beautiful plant to see the passion flower as well as as an ornamental climber has parts from the flowers, to the leaves to the fruits that find a

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