Patterns of wooden fences

The wooden fences: permits to ask and materials

Before building a wooden fence, it is necessary to make sure that there are no restrictions (municipal or neighborhood) on it that make it illegal: in this case, the fence could be knocked down. You can contact the municipal technical office or the neighborhood association for all the information on the matter. In most municipalities, a building permit is required. In fact, wooden fences can interfere with underground electrical, sewage, gas and water systems. The municipality checks will indicate which are the safe areas where you can dig. Since wooden fences are outdoor structures, they must be made using quality materials in order to last over time. Otherwise, the fence will deteriorate in a few years. Finally, you have to choose the style in which to make the fence. In fact, there are wooden picket, concave, convex, lattice, coffered fences, each with its own variants. Each model has a particular construction procedure and specific methods for fixing the panels.

How to build a wooden fence with DIY

Let’s see now how to build wooden fences. First you need to understand how big the area you want to fence is. In fact, if the fence serves to delimit the land owned, it is necessary not to trespass. Normally, when applying to the technical office, the cadastral maps are consulted to obtain all the necessary information. Next, it must be decided how high the fence should be. Typically, the wooden fences for the delimitation of the property are 180 centimeters high, those for the cattle 120 centimeters, and the decorative ones about 90 centimeters. It is good to ask the technical office for information, because in many areas there is special legislation on this subject (the height must be measured from the level of the road surface). Once these premises have been considered, the area to be fenced: just stake the corners of the future fence and trace the perimeter with string. Attention, the angles must be 90 °.

The next steps in the construction of the fence

Next, you will have to stake out the points for the intermediate posts. Generally divide the total length of the fence by 240 centimeters (the result will be the number of supporting posts you will need). If the perimeter cannot be divided by 240, you can choose a smaller value, or divide by 240, consider only the resulting units and add 1 (dividing the length of the fence by this number, you will have the measurement of each segment). Use a hole digger to dig holes in the staked points. Each pole must be buried for about 1/3. It is good that the hole is a few centimeters deeper and that it is wide enough to leave some space around the pole. To position the bearing posts, 7-10 cm of gravel will have to be inserted into each hole. Then insert the pole making sure that it is perfectly plumb, that the angles are 90 ° and that all the poles are at the same height. Finally, pour quick-setting concrete into each hole, filling it 2/3 full.

Wood Fence Patterns: Add the planks and treat the wood

Once the concrete has hardened, the remaining empty space must be filled with soil. Next, make a guideline for the height of the blades using mason’s twine: just tie it from one pole to the other. Cut crosspieces to join one pair of bearing posts at a time from center to center. Alternatively, you can use a single, long crossbar to join multiple poles at a time. The stringers will need to be secured using outdoor wood screws. Vertical axes can now be added. Construction methods vary depending on the style of wooden fences: the most common one consists of planks side by side with one another with a minimum distance. Once the fence has been built, the wood must be treated to withstand atmospheric agents.

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