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Peach tree pruning

Fruit trees in the garden

In a very common home garden we can easily think of putting fruit trees as well; but not only that, in it you could also grow some legumes, or a tomato plant without problems, in short, it could be treated as a vegetable garden without problems for those who have a passion for this kind of gardening. In general, in our garden we could plant anything, because what allows it is the work we want and can dedicate ourselves and our knowledge about it. The example of the fruit tree fits perfectly, because they seem so set up, large, «unassailable» and always ready to sprout, but in reality to make them perform at their best you need patience and technique, knowing what you are doing and doing it in the best way; to make a fruit tree bear fruit, three things are needed above all, correct fertilization, correct pruning and a series of grafts if our plant turns out to be «wild» (like most plants born almost by chance from seeds of the fruit itself). None of these three operations is simple for those who do not know what to do, but it is almost routine for those who learn the technique and obtain remarkable results thanks to it.

Pruning


In this article we focus on pruning: this is the operation that involves the pruning of a part of the plant in order to make it perform at its maximum in the subsequent flowering and fruiting period. Obviously the technique of this operation lies in knowing what to cut and when to do it above all, as well as in what quantity; this is fundamental, because otherwise there is a risk of eliminating the strongest and most ready to develop parts of the plant, thus damaging not only the production, but also risking the life of the plant itself. An absolutely important aspect of pruning is that of the right tools: to prune any plant, and even more so large plants, you need tools suitable for the situation, i.e. sharp and effective, so as not to leave too many wounds and abrasions on the plant itself, which can lead to the «easy» entry of dangerous diseases, which will find a highway and will be difficult to stop. In this regard, it is still necessary to specify that these tools, as well as efficient, must also be very clean and hygienic, precisely to prevent their blade (or in any case the cutting tool) from penetrating into the plant and taking you to its «bone». or more pathogens.


The peach tree is one of the most appreciated fruit trees in general; in fact, it combines a very good and highly sought-after fruit (albeit cheap and far from rare to find) with an aesthetic aspect that in some periods of the year (specifically in its flowering, or in the month of May) has nothing to envy to more beautiful ornamental plants or trees, indeed being really appreciated for the simple and delicate flowers, with that pure pink color and that scent that makes it recognizable even at several tens of meters away. To achieve all this, however, it is necessary to work a lot on our peach tree, especially with pruning: the technique adopted is the almost standard one of fruit plants, that is a training pruning in the first four or five years and a maintenance (or production) pruning in the following years, with totally different approach techniques and objectives between the two cases presented. Specifically, maintenance pruning involves two phases, one in summer and one in winter, which is the most difficult to apply because much of the plant’s survival and fruiting depends on it.

Stages of pruning

Let’s start by seeing how training pruning is done: it has the aim of forming the plant in the size and shape we want (depending on our aesthetic tastes or the harvesting and maintenance needs if we have a cultivation), and is implemented from the first to the fourth / fifth year of life of the peach tree. Once the plant is planted, in the first year its trunk is cut cleanly, in the second only two branches of about 35 centimeters each are left (among those that have grown, and will do so), in the third two branches of about 35 centimeters are left on each of those branches and so on until the fourth or fifth year. From here on there is the maintenance pruning, which aims to maintain the desired shape and size and to favor production) therefore it is also called production); consists of two phases,

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