Peanut plant

When to irrigate

The peanut plant (Arachis hypogea) is a legume originally from Central and South America, therefore used to hot climates and scarce rains. In fact, it resists drought very well, but in the absence of rainfall it is preferable to irrigate the soil regularly. Better moderate amounts of water supplied with a certain frequency, avoiding stagnation in the ground. Irrigation must then be slightly increased when the plant begins its burial phase, that is when the flowers begin to wither and their peduncle stretches until it sticks into the ground. This is precisely the peculiar characteristic of the peanut plant, the process from which the pods from which the peanuts are extracted originate. Finally, when the ripening phase begins and the plant begins to wilt, the

How to take care of it

The peanut plantit does not need a lot of care, with a little attention you can carry on their cultivation without major problems. Always keeping in mind the attention to irrigation, it may be enough to make the soil softer by adding peat or a little sand and do some weeding to keep weeds away. An old practice can facilitate the planting phase, the process from which the pods are born with the tasty peanuts inside. We are talking about tamping, or moving the soil and bringing it closer to the plant, to be carried out once or twice after pollination when the flowers begin to wither. Tilling up the soil, especially when it is a little too clayey, can make it easier for the stalks to stick into it.

How and when to fertilize

With the right type of soil and the right amount of water, the peanut plant is already in an ideal situation to grow and supply plenty of peanuts. As a legume it is in fact rather rustic and adapts well to almost any type of soil, making good use of its chemical and mineral compositions. In fact, there is no need to add anything during the sowing phase or during the first weeks of growth. On the other hand, when the characteristic yellow flowers begin to form, it can be useful to provide an extra help, for example by adding organic organic fertilizer, useful for nourishing the plant with mineral salts and adding organic substance to the soil. Generally, other types of fertilizer can also work, the important thing is that they are rich in phosphorus and potassium.

Peanut Plant: Diseases and Possible Remedies

The peanut plant as mentioned is quite resistant, but it too fears some diseases, especially fungal ones mostly linked to stagnation of water in the vicinity of the roots. To avoid them, proper irrigation is enough, paying close attention to drainage and to make the soil loose enough. However, if some type of cryptogamic disease should still occur, you can try it with horsetail or nettle macerate. Another annoying enemy for the Arachis hypogea can be some types of fairly common parasites, such as the black aphid typical of legumes and the red spider, to fight which you can decide whether to use the different chemical products available on the market or rely on methods organic or traditional, such as garlic macerate.

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