Pear quince

Main characteristics of the pear quince

The botanical name of the quince pear is cydonia oblonga and belongs to the rosaceae family. It is a small tree that rarely exceeds four meters in height. It has a voluminous and well-branched crown characterized by the presence of deciduous leaves. The leaves are oval and large in size. As soon as they blossom from the buds they are covered with a thin but dense down that creates a sort of soft velvet which then lose as they grow. With the first spring warmth, the plant offers prosperous blooms consisting of flowers comparable to simple roses of five petals each of a creamy white color tinged with pink or slightly orange. The fruits appear in late summer and have an elongated or rounded irregular shape.

The pear quince, also known as the quince, produces fruits characterized by a very compact and hard pulp that cannot be eaten raw. They have a golden yellow color but seen from a distance they seem almost greyish due to the down present on the skin. The quince is an ancient fruit tree and is an ancestor of the modern apple. Currently it is not very cultivated because its products do not find good sales success on the market. However, this plant is an excellent graft holder for both apple trees and pear trees of different varieties as it allows to obtain very productive small trees that facilitate the mechanized harvest. From the cooked fruits a jam is obtained so hard that it has to be cut with a knife.

Diseases and parasites

The pear quince is easy to grow and resists both heat and prolonged periods of summer drought very well and not even the winter frost poses particular problems to its life cycle. The fuzz that covers the newly born fruits and leaves prevents aphids and other similar insects from attacking these ancient fruit plants. The fruit pulp is particularly consistent and cannot be penetrated by insects that lay their eggs inside. Pests that attack quince are rare and it is not necessary to treat the plants with phytosanitary substances to prevent them. It is sufficient to place pheromone traps nearby capable of attracting adult carpocapse or the rare species of insects that can damage production.

Quince pear: Cultivation methods

There are several varieties of pear quince that differ from each other in the shape of the fruit but all can be grown in the same way. Planting must be done in February, before the vegetative restart. Fertilize the soil with mature manure. The quince prefers sunny places and, if placed in semi-shade, its flowering will be less prosperous with a consequent reduction in production. It does not particularly like strong winds and for this reason it is always better to place it close to a wall or near other plants that can attenuate the intense air currents. If you want to get a big harvest, water the tree at least a couple of times a week during periods of low rainfall.

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