Peonia bianca

White peony: general characteristics

The peony is a plant belonging to the Peoniacee family, of which among other things it is the only genus. This family includes both shrubs with deciduous leaves and perennial herbaceous plants. The peony is widespread in the Asian continent, in particular in China, Siberia and Japan; fragmented in Europe, especially in the eastern and southern areas, in the African continent and in North America only on the Pacific ocean side. Peonies can reach very high heights ranging from one meter to two meters. The leaves are small, bright green in color, the flowers vary in color ranging from pink to white and are very numerous. The fruits contain within them large seeds with a dark color.

White peony: cultivation

But how can we grow white peonyto make it grow healthy and luxuriant in our gardens? First you need to know that peonies that develop flowers of this color belong to the herbaceous and perennial species. This type of plant has the advantage of being very strong and robust, but above all long-lived, even living up to one hundred years. On the market, dry bulbs of the plant are sold, which must be planted in a dark and fertile soil, rich in humus, with a clayey and light consistency. White peonies and herbaceous peonies in general bloom in spring and die in autumn. However, it must be remembered that two to three years must pass before the plant blooms, since the plant needs to develop a root system strong enough to support the buds.

White peony: needs

But what are the environmental conditions to guarantee so that our white peonygrow and flourish? As we have seen, one of the first factors to consider is the quality of the soil: the substrate to be used, whether it is first grafted in pots or by planting the dry bulbs directly, must be sufficiently light and above all well drained to avoid rotting. . Furthermore, the white peony prefers sunny or semi-shaded areas, especially in areas characterized by very hot and dry summers. As for irrigation, it must be borne in mind that this type of plant is very sensitive to any stagnation that could compromise its yield and survival. The white peony must therefore be watered only in the vegetative period and without exceeding.

White peony: fight against pests

Once we have ensured our peony all the optimal conditions for its growth, it will be necessary to pay particular attention to its health by learning to recognize and combat any diseases and parasites. Among the pathologies to which the white peonyit could be subject to remember some fungi such as Cladosporium and gray mold. Both of these mushrooms are fond of humid environments and manifest themselves with the appearance of spots and dryness. Both fight each other by removing the infected parts and, in the most serious cases, using specific products. Parasites of animal origin are also particularly harmful to the white peony. Particularly dangerous are, for example, the beetles, whose attack often leads to the death of the plant: in fact the larvae of this species infest the roots of the peony, while the adult specimens the aerial part. These insects fight with pesticides or by killing the larvae.

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