Pepper cultivation

Pink pepper plant

The plant that originates pink pepper is Schinus molle, an evergreen tree of the Anacardiaceae family. Depending on the environmental conditions, its height varies between 5 and 7 meters, even the width of the canopy assumes the same dimensions. Its origin is in the highlands of South America in Chile, Bolivia and Peru. In Europe it is grown only in the warm southern belt. Its straight stem, widely branched, with the growth can reach a diameter of 40 cm. Its large pendulous leaves (can be 30 cm long), in the shape of a spear, are also aromatic. It blooms in summer, with white flowers gathered in panicles. The intense pink fruits appear in autumn: they are small, very aromatic berries. It is a rustic species:

The pepper plant

The term pepper derives from the Sanskrit word pippali which in Latin became piper. The pepper plant is the Piper nigrum species which in turn belongs to the Piper genus, of the Piperaceae family. It is a perennial vine, with woody, green and smooth stems, with a height of four to six meters. Its leaves are deep green, ovate, leathery, with a length that varies between five and ten centimeters and a width between three and six. It has adventitious roots which serve to anchor the aerial part as the plant grows in size. The pepper plant has small and fragrant white flowers that form 5 to 20 cm long spikes. The fruits are drupes, red when ripe, and contain a single 0.5 cm seed inside. in diameter.

Bonsai pepper plant

The bonsai pepper plant is not a pepper plant. Contrary to what the name implies, the plant used for this bonsai is not Piper nigrum (the real pepper), but Schinus molle. This is why it is also called “false pepper”, due to its great resemblance to real pepper. In its places of origin (the highlands of South America) it grows in regions where the climate, in summer, is very humid, but not very hot and rather harsh in winter. This is why it can also be placed outdoors all year round, in a sunny position, at least as long as the temperatures remain above -10 ° C. The water supply for your plant must be constant from March to September, less in the other months: water stagnation can be fatal! In the winter, no fertilizer.

Pepper cultivation: Pepper plant

Solanaceae family, Genus Capsicum. This is the “identity card” of one of the most popular and appreciated vegetables in the world. The origin of the name is uncertain: for some it comes from the Latin “capsa” (box) for the shape, resembling a box with seeds inside. For others, the origin is to be found in the Greek word “kapto” which means to bite, referring to the spicy “bite” that peppers exert on the tongue when you eat them. The pepper plant is an upright shrub, covered with a light hair and reaches a height of 1 – 1.5 m. Its leaves are lanceolate, of a glossy green color. It has white flowers that originate from the leaf axil, at the rate of one on each node. The fruit, actually a berry, that they originate is what we eat;

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