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Persimmon plant

How to irrigate

The persimmon plant does not require frequent watering, especially if the rainfall is abundant: otherwise, it would risk running into water stagnation, enemies of the tree as it causes stress and rot. On the contrary, if there is a period of drought, it is necessary to carry out constant irrigation, to avoid decay and the fruit falling; however, it is recommended to let the soil dry between one operation and the next, and to wet the leaves as little as possible to avoid the spread of fungal diseases. As an irrigation method, the one under the foliage is recommended, precisely to supply water resources directly to the soil; special mechanisms are used that emit thin jets of water, to be adjusted according to the needs of the tree, and thus a considerable saving is possible.

Cultivation and care


This tree multiplies both by sowing and by planting purchased specimens; it is suggested to proceed in winter in the first case, in autumn in the second. The soil must be well drained and possibly low in sodium, but in general the plant adapts easily to numerous types of soil, even to calcareous ones, which are not recommended for many other species. If we exclude a preliminary tillage of the soil to eliminate weeds, this tree does not need special care; the young specimens are naturally less resistant than the adult ones, but to protect them from the cold it is sufficient to cover the earth all around with straw. Pruning should only be performed if there are excessively weighted branches, so as to prevent the fruit from falling.

How to fertilize


Fertilizing the persimmon plantit must take place approximately every six months, in spring and autumn; it is essential that the fertilizer contains the three essential macro elements, namely potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen, each of which plays an important role in the development of the tree. In autumn, however, it is better to limit the amount of nitrogen, so as not to encourage excessive growth of the tissues in view of the winter. Potassium is necessary to improve the quality of the fruits and to increase the resistance of the plant to parasites, phosphorus to support the strengthening of the roots and metabolism; in any case, if the soil already contains these elements in abundance, an organic fertilizer, for example manure, will be sufficient. The plant must not lack even secondary elements such as magnesium and copper.

Persimmon Plant: Exposure, Pests and Diseases


For exposure, a place directly hit by the sun’s rays is recommended: this tree is a lover of light and tolerates even rather high temperatures well. The plant is also quite resistant to parasites, but infestations of scale insects can sometimes occur; the latter are recognized by a sort of wrapping of waxy substances which they produce as a protection, and cause a widespread yellowing and drying of the leaves. A remedy to combat these phytophagous insects is mineral white oil, which causes them to suffocate. This tree can also be affected by a fungal disease, powdery mildew, which attacks the leaves and fruits in the form of whitish mold and determines their deterioration; sulfur-based treatments can offer a solution to the problem.

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