Persimmon pruning

When to prune persimmon

Persimmon is a very cultivated tree in Italy because it is a particularly ornamental plant with extremely tasty fruits. The plant bears fruit between November and December, producing large yellow-orange berries. The best time to prune persimmonit’s late winter, even if it all depends on the age and health of the plant. Clearly, a newly planted persimmon will require targeted interventions especially the first three years of life, while a more adult plant will require more sporadic interventions aimed above all at eliminating the old branches to make room for young bearers of new fruits. In fact, the persimmon has rather thin branches but very heavy fruits, therefore the pruning operation is important in an adult plant as it serves to keep the vigorous branches on the plant. Overall it is good that the interventions are carried out far from the fruiting period.

Persimmon pruning: the first years

The persimmon has no particular biological needs, however, as soon as it is planted it is good as for many other plants to guarantee it periodic interventions in the first years of life. In the first years the so-called “training pruning” is practiced to give the plant shape and vigor. Usually the small persimmon is planted in autumn and immediately the first winter cold ends, between March and open, it is necessary to intervene through an initial cut of all the finer secondary branches, this will guarantee the plant the development of new shoots near the cuts of trimming. The following September, before the new winter season and before the wood hardens too much, you can intervene with tie rods to ensure the right shape of the crown.

Persimmon pruning: adult plants

After the first years of the plant’s life, once the training pruning necessary to structure the foliage and guarantee the right growth has been guaranteed, it is necessary to intervene on the adult plant regularly. The stem and branches of the persimmon, in fact, are quite fragile, which is why annual interventions allow the plant to remain healthy. The persimmon pruning processit must be done with extreme accuracy, even if the plant is already several years old. First of all, it is essential to eliminate the suckers, or those branches with vertical growth that only remove sap without producing fruit. Another step not to be overlooked is the one that involves the shortening of the tips of the branches, this action strengthens them since they will have to bear very heavy fruits. A final step is the one that involves the removal of all broken or damaged branches to keep the crown clean. The fundamental principle is to keep the branches low to the ground but not too much.

Persimmon pruning: What tools are needed for persimmon pruning?

As with all plants grown on your own land or garden, when you face pruning you need to equip yourself with appropriate tools, sharp and possibly sterilized, this avoids diseases and infections to the plant. The tools must be of excellent quality to prevent tearing at the level of the bark. First of all, to carry out the pruning of the persimmon you need to obtain scissors and shears that are easily purchased in gardening shops. If you have to carry out the intervention on rather tall plants then it is also necessary to equip yourself with a pruner, a tool consisting of a telescopic rod that reaches 4 meters in length, which with a blade at the end allows you to prune the most distant branches from the ground. To conclude, it is good to take agricultural mastic to help wound healing.

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