Persimmon vanilla

Persimmon and its varieties

The persimmon plant, whose Italian name comes from the species to which it belongs which is that of Diospyros kaki, is a tree of the Ebenaceae family, native to China and Japan. In the East it was one of the first fruit trees to be cultivated, and has been known for over 2,000 years. In Europe, however, it arrived later, in the eighteenth century. At first it was used only for ornamental purposes; later, around the mid-nineteenth century, it began to be cultivated for its fruits. In Italy the cultivation of persimmon is widely spread in Emilia Romagna, in Sicily but above all in Campania, where the variety of persimmon vanilla grows, particularly sugary and tasty. This plant is in fact declined in many different varieties, about 450, many deriving from grafts, therefore called cultivars.

The persimmon tree in the garden

Even today, many people decide to put a persimmon plant in the garden for purely ornamental purposes. It is in fact a very beautiful tree, which has a thick and robust crown. Its leaves are large, oval and enlarged, of a beautiful bright green. The bark is dark gray and wrinkled, it can grow up to heights of 15 or 18 meters, even if in general the plants do not develop as much, and remain modest in size. The foliage of the persimmon is filled with fruit in autumn, between October and November, when it is now bare of leaves. The fruits are very beautiful to look at, their peel is in fact a beautiful orange yellow color, in some cases tending to reddish. The preferred variety for the garden is the bright Rojo, of Spanish origin, because it is a somewhat smaller than the others and its fruits have a beautiful bright red color. Persimmons are often also worked as bonsai.

The seven virtues of the persimmon plant

Keeping the persimmon tree in the garden can fulfill not only an aesthetic need, but also serves to exploit the many virtues of this plant: seven to be exact, according to the ancient Chinese tradition, which calls its fruit apple d ‘Orient. Specifically, these virtues are: the foliage of the persimmon, rich and branched, produces a lot of shade; it can therefore be used to create a shady and pleasant side of the garden in summer. Persimmon is not easily attacked by pests or diseases, and allows birds to nest in its branches. Even in autumn it remains decorative, because the leaves turn red and yellow, before falling and leaving room for fruit. In addition, the persimmon tree fertilizes and fertilizes the surrounding soil, when it drops its leaves, and, once its life cycle is over,

The specific variety of persimmon vanilla, as we said, is used above all for intensive cultivation in Campania. Its main feature lies in the fact that the fruits are immediately edible as soon as they are picked. They have a firm and seeded pulp, bronze in color. Externally, however, the fruit of the vanilla persimmonit has a slightly flattened shape and a thin yellow skin, which becomes reddish when fully ripe. The vanilla persimmon produces a lot of fruit, and has both male and female flowers, so it is capable of pollinating itself. It ripens in November, and the consumption of its fruit is recommended for many reasons. In fact, in persimmon vanilla there are potassium, beta carotene and vitamin C, it is a high concentration of sugars, which makes its consumption inadvisable for diabetics.

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