Pianta di citronella

Main features of the lemongrass plant

The lemongrass plant, also called lemon grass, is characterized by rather thick, ribbon-like leaves that have a bright green color. The central shaft is rigid and can only be cut with a sharp hacksaw. Adult plants create dense bushes which help make gardens more beautiful to look at. This plant has a very strong scent similar to that of citrus fruits which increases in intensity when touched. Lemongrass is widespread throughout the Asian continent and the essential oils obtained from it play a role of primary importance in oriental medicine. The emanated aroma is useful for warding off mosquitoes but can also be useful for flavoring soups, soups or to make excellent energizing herbal teas.

Variety of lemongrass

There are over fifty different species of lemongrass in nature but no more than ten are marketed on the market. There are few man-made hybrids because the plant itself is very resistant to attacks by parasites or fungi and does not need special attention to grow and thrive. Essential oils are extracted from Cymbopogon nardus, better known as Ceylon lemongrass. It is a not very valuable species but on the other hand it is the one that contains the greatest quantities of oils to be used for different purposes. However, this specific variety is not used for food purposes because its flavor is not the best. Instead, the Java lemongrass contains a smaller amount of essence but is excellent to be enjoyed in salads.

How to grow lemongrass

Lemongrass plants must be grown in sunny places but sheltered from strong winds. They fear the cold and, those who want to grow them in areas characterized by harsh winters, it is better to plant them in pots in order to store them indoors in case the temperatures drop below the warning levels. In order for the plants to be in perfect shape in spring, it is necessary to repeatedly cut the leaves starting from autumn in order to save them useful energy for the summer. Watering must be sporadic and no more frequent than once every two or three weeks depending on the humidity present in the soil. Before carrying out any watering, make sure the soil is dry.

Lemongrass plant: The properties of lemongrass

Lemongrass is very popular for warding off annoying insects such as mosquitoes or flies. Its excellent therapeutic properties, used in both the herbal and pharmaceutical fields, are not so well known. In oriental medicine it is one of the plants most used to actively combat permanent states of anxiety. The extracts of this plant are used to resolve stomach acid but can also be useful for deflating the belly. It is a natural antispasmodic and its active ingredients are able to deodorize perfectly. The aroma of lemongrass is great as a stress reliever and stimulant for the mind. The leaves can be dried in the shade and placed in canvas bags to keep moths away from the cupboards.

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