Planting strawberries

What is strawberry

Strawberry is the fruit produced by Fragarie plants. Their development began less than half a century ago, with success first in France and then in Great Britain. Red in color and small in size, strawberries are rich in vitamin C and provide the body with a good caloric contribution, thanks to the presence of a high quantity of sugars. Strawberry also has excellent antioxidant properties, is rich in calcium, phosphorus and iron, helps reduce cholesterol and prevent cancer. Despite being a seasonal fruit, the harvesting period of which is placed between spring and summer, the strawberry is among the most used fruits in the confectionery sector, due to its sweet and delicate taste and the ability to combine with other desserts. among all the whipped cream.

Sowing strawberries

The first thing to do to proceed with the cultivation of strawberries is to buy the variety of the fruit to be planted at a nursery. Strawberries can be found both already planting in pots and in polystyrene packages, to be repotted independently. The ideal period for sowing is late autumn, so that you can reap the fruits after a few months. The soil in which to place the plantation must be exposed to the sun and well drained. The seedlings or seeds should be arranged in single rows, keeping a distance of about twenty centimeters from one plant to the other. When sowing plants, it is important to make sure that, at the end of the procedure, they are completely covered by the soil. Once the operation is complete, proceed with the first watering of the plants.

Watering and mulching

Watering is a fundamental operation for the success of plant cultivation. Strawberries need abundant and constant watering, starting from the moment of sowing. The most suitable phase of the day for watering is the first morning. It is preferable to adopt the ‘sliding’ system, in order to avoid wetting the leaves and fruits, minimizing the risk of causing the plants to contract fungal diseases and similar diseases.If planting takes place on ground, it is recommended to carry out mulching, i.e. covering of the soil through the appropriate materials, to avoid the growth of grass. Although this type of plant does not particularly suffer from the cold, it is good to keep it away from excessively cold temperatures.

Planting strawberries: Harvesting and subsequent sowing

Generally the fruit harvesting period, which must be done manually by detaching each strawberry from the stalk, begins in late spring and ends in summer. Being an extremely perishable fruit, the strawberry should be consumed within a couple of days after its complete ripeness. After harvesting, the plants must be mowed, keeping only the heart of the plant. A prolonged cultivation in the same soil as the same cultivation favors the presence of parasites and the consequent increase in the possibility that the plants get sick, making the harvest null or low. The life cycle of each strawberry crop should not exceed four years, after which it is suggested that the plants be replaced.

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