Pomegranate plant

The pomegranate and its origins

The pomegranate plant is native to western Asia, and belongs to the Punicaceae family. Its botanical name is in fact Punica Granatum, but it seems to have spread already in prehistoric times throughout the Mediterranean basin, and then in an even wider area thanks to the Phoenicians and the Greeks. The Punic name derives from the fact that it was imported to Rome from the area where the city of Carthage stood, which was in the territory of present-day Tunisia, whose population was called in Punic Latin. The name pomegranate derives instead from the merger of two other Latin terms: malum, which means apple, and granatum, which means with seeds. In fact, the most singular and well-known characteristic of the fruits of the pomegranate plant is that inside they have many red seeds, closely united to each other, very good to eat.

The pomegranate plant and its varieties

In nature there are many different varieties of pomegranate: they are generally classified, based on the flavor of their fruits, as sour, sour, sweet or sweet. There are some species that produce very hard fruits, and whose seeds are not edible, which are mostly of a purely ornamental interest. On the other hand, there are species whose fruits are particularly widespread also in Italy, for example the Horse’s Tooth, the Neirana, the Recalmuto, which are suitable for fresh consumption. In our country, the area where the pomegranate is most widespread is Sicily and above all the Mazara del Vallo area. This does not mean that a pomegranate plant cannot take root and become luxuriant even in the northern regions. In particular, the ornamental varieties are very common in our gardens: here’s how to care for a pomegranate plant.

Cultivation of the pomegranate plant

The pomegranate plant is very robust and resistant, which is why it is easily found at home in our gardens. Typically it takes the form of a small tree, which does not exceed 7 meters in height. If you want to plant it in pots, however, you can keep the size of a bush, which is the shape it tends to, by pruning it carefully. Alternatively, there is a dwarf variety, which can also be planted in a medium-sized pot. The pomegranate has no particular needs as regards the soil, which must only be draining to avoid stagnation of water, and enriched with organic fertilizer. It does not need a lot of water, but constant pruning in the winter, when it is in the vegetative phase. The flowers, which have a lively red color, bloom in spring, and turn into fruit in summer.Source: bybio.

Pomegranate Plant: Caring for the pomegranate plant

Pomegranate is a plant that loves mild temperatures and should always be in a sunny spot. If it is grown not only for ornamental purposes, but also to enjoy its fruits, pruning is very important. In fact, by eliminating the dry branches, which in the previous season did not produce anything, and the suckers that arise at the base of the trunk, the sapling will have more lifeblood to devote to the production of fruits. However, care must be taken not to overdo the cuts, because vice versa the plant would use all its resources to produce new leaves. If you want to try to have your pomegranate plant reproduce, the best way is by cuttings. When you have more than one pomegranate plant, you might want to think about modeling them together to create a pretty border or hedge.

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