Pomegranate tree

History and origin of the pomegranate tree

The pomegranate tree, in Latin ‘punica granatum’, is a plant that belongs to the Punicaceae family. The Latin name derives from the coastal region of modern-day Tunisia where the Carthaginian or Punic population lived and taught the Romans how to cultivate the pomegranate. The name pomegranate instead comes from the Latin words ‘malum’ and ‘granatum’, meaning apple with seeds. It is thought that the tree comes from the East and precisely from the region between India and Iran. Generally it is cultivated in the Caucasian region and especially in Turkey, Armenia, Iran, India, Pakistan, Indonesia. Since time immemorial it has also been present in the Mediterranean basin where it spread thanks to the Phoenicians and the Greeks.

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Characteristics of the pomegranate tree

The pomegranate treesthey are plants with a not very large stem covered by a dark gray bark. The foliage is dense with branches and pomegranates usually do not exceed the height of 5 or 6 meters. The leaves are narrow, long and a nice glossy green and usually open in spring while in winter the plant remains bare. In summer you will have beautiful red flowers, composed of a full-bodied chalice of 3-4 petals. The interesting part of the tree is the fruit, called grenade or pomegranate, which is none other than a berry. The fruit has a robust texture with a hard, spherical skin. The size of the pomegranate then depends on the variety and inside there are small sectors that contain the seeds or arils. The seeds are of a beautiful red color immersed in a sweet and fragrant pulp. Source:

How to grow the pomegranate tree

To grow the pomegranate tree it is not necessary to spend a lot of time or energy as it is a fruit plant that does not present major cultivation problems. It resists very well the summer heat as well as the cold of the winter months, withstanding temperatures as low as -10 ° C. The pomegranate tree should therefore be planted by choosing a bright location and a stony, well-drained or even poor soil to which we will add new soil and a little natural fertilizer. These trees should be irrigated only in periods of great drought as they fear stagnation of water. The plants won’t need much care other than light pruning at the end of the winter season to get rid of any damaged branches and dry leaves. The tree can propagate by sowing but often multiplies in spring by cuttings.

Pomegranate tree: Uses and beneficial properties of the pomegranate tree

The pomegranate tree is used as an ornamental plant to beautify parks and gardens although it is often cultivated for the production of fruits. The latter in fact have an intense and sweet flavor and are rich in a lot of vitamin C and potassium. They are useful for reducing blood pressure, cholesterol and preventing heart disease. By squeezing the pulp you can then obtain a juice with which to prepare fresh drinks, jams and preserves. Beneficial effects also have the peel of the fruits and the bark of the roots, perfect for preparing decoctions and infusions. Pomegranates are also used in the culinary field, so much so that the seeds are ground to flavor sauces while the skins are used to give a bitter aftertaste to aperitifs and vermouth. In Foggia, on the other hand, the pomegranate is contained in the ‘cooked wheat’,

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