How to build an artificial pond and its fauna

The pond, more or less large, is a surface of fresh water in which a wide variety of flora and fauna can live. In their spontaneous state, nowadays it is difficult to find and those that remain are protected to protect the species that live there. This has led to the owners of a garden or land to create artificial ponds that can vary in the shape with which they are built, the size and variety of fauna and flora species that are introduced. The first step is to create an ecosystem that is suitable for hosting different animal species. Normally the fauna of an artificial pond consists of frogs, fish, tadpoles, dragonflies, butterflies, ducks, geese and other species.

Temperature and flora of the artificial pond

When building a pond or artificial lake, the temperature must also be taken into account. This is because the temperature changes the amount of oxygen present in the water. At colder temperatures you can have a greater amount of oxygen than at high temperatures, even up to triple. For these reasons, the cool or even cold temperatures allow the vivification of a wider variety of animal species. It will therefore be necessary to keep under control the summer rise in temperatures. The pond can therefore also contain and host various aquatic plants that will be able to enhance and embellish it. Among these we remember the reeds, the cattails and the water lilies. Let us remember that the flora of a pond differs in those species (hydrophytes) that live completely submerged in the

Construction of an artificial pond

To build your own artificial pond we must also take into account some factors. As for the location, the ideal is that it is oriented to the south. It is necessary to avoid creating the plant too exposed to the sun to avoid the formation and proliferation of algae. Dimensions are also important, in fact a pond that is a maximum of 1 and a half meters deep and an area of ​​less than 8 square meters ensures protection from winter frosts. The presence of a nearby water source that can supply your pond will be very useful. To create a pond perfectly, it is necessary to first carry out an excavation by sifting the soil from clods and stones and then fill in the first layers of cover. This will ensure a very compact backdrop and will prevent the protective sheet from breaking.

Pond: Light and maintenance

One of the factors that we must take into account when creating an artificial pond is obviously the light. This is because the life of a pond depends on light. The life process of the flora in fact depends on chlorophyll photosynthesis both for the elements that float on the surface and for those that surround the pond. At this point it will be advisable to eliminate the plants with floating leaves that are too expanded when they cover the surface, preventing photosynthesis. As for the maintenance of your pond, this must be carried out annually, with preference in the months of September-October when the greatest number of amphibians have moved away from the water and the other animals have, given the climate, the possibility to move. It is therefore necessary to remove the dead aquatic plants and check for any lack of oxygen for the winter months. Finally, cut the surrounding green areas at a height that is not too low.

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