Portulache: characteristics of the species

Portulache grandiflora is what botanists call them, they are bushy plants. Prostrate-ascending plants, fleshy, with linear and cylindrical leaves, succulent. The flowers bloom during the month of May and remain throughout the summer. The colors of the flowers are really very vivid. They can be simple or double-toned, ranging from white to bright yellow, from deep pink to bright red, from orange to purple, sometimes with elegant veins of different shades. There are, in nature, about forty species of purslane, but if you add the various grafts made by the farmers you get to count about one hundred varieties of the plant. In some regions of our country this plant is called with the name of porcelain. It is believed that the species, belonging to the large Portulacaceae family, comes from tropical countries.

Portulache: sowing, transplanting and multiplication

The portulache include many species erbaceee annual and perennial originate in tropical areas of Brazil and Argentina. However, there are also some indigenous Italian species, such as purslane oleracea considered a weed, but with great therapeutic virtues. This species is also used in some Italian regions in cooking. It can be eaten both raw and cooked, as a salad, or to accompany fried fish. The purslanethey are plants that have succulent tissues reminiscent of the species of the genus Aizoaceae and in particular the Mesambryanthemum, very widespread along the Mediterranean sea locations due to its strong resistance to saline winds. Purslane is the easy plant par excellence. Simple sowing, easy germination, abundant flowering. It really needs very little cultivation care, it disseminates naturally in favorable conditions.

Portulache: soil, watering, fertilization

The sowing of purslane takes place in the spring months. Especially in the month of April. The plants are planted directly, thinning out if necessary, after the birth of the seed. However, some recommend sowing purslane in cold box jars. Purslane develops and grows well in any soil, even dry, sandy, gravelly. In fact, the seed carried by the water gives birth to plants even between the interstices of the paving stones, on the stony slopes and in the pockets of the dry stone walls. Always, however, in full sun. Watering needs are limited for these plants and only in case of permanent drought. This also applies if purslane are grown on the terrace, balcony or windowsill of the house. The purslane should be fertilized rarely and with water-soluble fertilizers.

Portulache: Portulache: flowering

The flowering of purslane takes place according to the time of sowing and the region in which it is cultivated. In the south they will bloom earlier than in the north. Normally these plants bloom from the months of May until late September. The colors of the flowers are very varied and some are really beautiful. They vary from red to white, from pink to purple with many shades. To have a good flowering it is necessary that the plants are exposed to full sunlight. Purslane are plants that are immune to diseases and parasites. You just have to pay attention to root rot in case of abundant water. It is advisable to transplant excess plants elsewhere. If you want a flowered and colorful terrace in the summer, purslane are the ideal plants. In some municipalities it is not uncommon to find these plants in flower beds and public gardens.

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