Prune fruit trees

Prune fruit trees

Pruning fruit trees is an important operation to perform in order to keep plants healthy and develop them properly. Pruning should be much more invasive in young plants in order to form the crown correctly, while in adult specimens only the thickest branches should be removed, thus cleaning the crown. The first operation to be carried out should be the elimination of the weakest branches, those that are excessively thin, or that have suffered damage or disease. To be able to guarantee an adequate supply of light and a normal oxygenation of the leaves, the branches that are too dense or that are intertwined should be removed. For a better harvest of the fruits the branches that develop excessively upwards should also be shortened,

When to prune fruit trees

To understand when to prune fruit trees, you should know the plants adequately and understand what is the best time to do the operation. Pruning in general should take place during the vegetative rest period of the plant, so that when the vegetation resumes it can grow the new branches and can flower and bear fruit at its best. Fruit trees therefore require different pruning periods, in January you could proceed with the pruning of the apple, pear and kiwi trees, in February also of the apricot, plum tree and vine. In March, peach and citrus fruits could be pruned. In the months of April and May, only the branches damaged by the cold should be removed and the structure of the crown could be modified.

When to prune fruit trees

So to be able to understand when to prune fruit trees it would be essential to know correctly the plants that are grown, so as to be able to carry out the operations only when the plant is in the period of vegetative rest, so as not to damage the buds while they are producing. the new branches and flowers. An incorrectly performed pruning could compromise fruit production the following season or completely ruin the plant. Pruning should be much more effective and drastic on those plants that are able to bear fruit only on the younger branches that are formed with the new vegetation, such as the vine. Instead, lighter interventions should be carried out on plants that suffer massive interventions, such as cherry and apricot.

Pruning fruit trees: How to prune fruit trees

To know how to prune fruit trees it would be essential first of all to learn to correctly recognize the buds found on plants. In fact, there are two types of different gems: those from flowers and those from wood. The flower buds from which the flowers and subsequently the fruits will develop have a squat and rounded shape and are perpendicular to the wood. The wood buds from which the new branches will arise have an elongated shape, are pointed and slightly inclined with respect to the branch. Wood buds should be preferred if the plant is young, while flowering ones should be preferred for adult plants. The pruning cut should be clean so that the remaining surfaces are smooth.

Related posts

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Botón volver arriba